Theory of mind and central coherence in adults with high-functioning autism or Asperger syndrome

Beaumont, Renae and Newcombe, Peter (2006) Theory of mind and central coherence in adults with high-functioning autism or Asperger syndrome. Autism, 10 4: 365-382. doi:10.1177/1362361306064416


Author Beaumont, Renae
Newcombe, Peter
Title Theory of mind and central coherence in adults with high-functioning autism or Asperger syndrome
Journal name Autism   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1362-3613
Publication date 2006-01-01
Year available 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1362361306064416
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 10
Issue 4
Start page 365
End page 382
Total pages 18
Editor Mohammad Ghaziuddin
Patricia Howlin
Place of publication London
Publisher Sage Publications Ltd
Language eng
Subject C1
321204 Mental Health
730211 Mental health
Abstract The study investigated theory of mind and central coherence abilities in adults with high-functioning autism (HFA) or Asperger syndrome (AS) using naturalistic tasks. Twenty adults with HTA/AS correctly answered significantly fewer theory of mind questions than 20 controls on a forced-choice response task. On a narrative task, there were no differences in the proportion of mental state words between the two groups, although the participants with HFA/AS were less inclined to provide explanations for characters' mental states. No between-group differences existed on the central coherence questions of the forced-choice response task, and the participants with HTA/AS included an equivalent proportion of explanations for non-mental state phenomena in their narratives as did controls. These results support the theory of mind deficit account of autism spectrum disorders, and suggest that difficulties in mental state attribution cannot be exclusively attributed to weak central coherence.
Keyword Asperger Syndrome
Central Coherence
High-functioning Autism
Theory Of Mind
Reading Test
Story Characters
Children
Individuals
Task
Information
Performance
Competence
Abilities
Context
Psychology, Developmental
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 19:24:30 EST