Neighborhood environmental factors correlated with walking near home: Using SPACES

Pikora, TJ, Giles-Corti, B, Knuiman, MW, Bull, FC, Jamrozik, K and Donovan, RJ (2006) Neighborhood environmental factors correlated with walking near home: Using SPACES. Medicine And Science In Sports And Exercise, 38 4: 708-714. doi:10.1249/01.mss.0000210189.64458.f3

Author Pikora, TJ
Giles-Corti, B
Knuiman, MW
Bull, FC
Jamrozik, K
Donovan, RJ
Title Neighborhood environmental factors correlated with walking near home: Using SPACES
Journal name Medicine And Science In Sports And Exercise   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0195-9131
Publication date 2006-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1249/01.mss.0000210189.64458.f3
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 38
Issue 4
Start page 708
End page 714
Total pages 7
Editor K. Pandolf
Place of publication Philadelphia
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Subject C1
321202 Epidemiology
730219 Behaviour and health
Abstract Purpose: The physical environment plays an important role in influencing participation in physical activity, although the specific factors that are correlated with different patterns of walking remain to be determined We examined correlations between physical environmental factors and self-reported walking for recreation and transport near home. Methods: The local neighborhood environments (defined as a 400-m radius from the respondent's home) of 1678 adults were assessed for their suitability for walking. The environmental data were collected during 2000 using the Systematic Pedestrian and Cycling Environmental Scan (SPACES) instrument together with information from other sources. We used logistic regression modeling to examine the relationship between the attributes of the physical environment and the self-reported walking behavior undertaken near home. Results: Functional features were correlated with both walking for recreation (odds ratio (OR) 1.62; 95% confidence interval (Cl): 1.20-2.19) and for transport (OR 1.30; 95% Cl: 0.97-1.73). A well-maintained walking surface was the main functional factor associated with walking for recreation (OR 2.04; 95% Cl: 1.43-2.91) and for transport (OR 2.13; 95% Cl: 1.53-2.96). Destination factors, such as shops and public transport, were significantly correlated with walking for transport (OR 1.80; 95% Cl: 1.33-2.44), but not recreation. Conclusion: The findings suggest that neighborhoods with pedestrian facilities that are attractive and comfortable and where there are local destinations (such as shops and public transport) are associated with walking near home.
Keyword Urban Design
Physical Environment
Physical Activity
Sport Sciences
Perceived Environment
Australian Adults
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2007 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 136 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 18:57:37 EST