Investigation of the coping antecedents to positive outcomes and distress in multiple sclerosis (MS)

Pakenham, KI (2006) Investigation of the coping antecedents to positive outcomes and distress in multiple sclerosis (MS). Psychology & Health, 21 5: 633-649. doi:10.1080/14768320500422618


Author Pakenham, KI
Title Investigation of the coping antecedents to positive outcomes and distress in multiple sclerosis (MS)
Journal name Psychology & Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0887-0446
Publication date 2006-01-01
Year available 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14768320500422618
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 21
Issue 5
Start page 633
End page 649
Total pages 17
Editor P. Norman
Place of publication Abingdon UK
Publisher Routledge/Taylor & Francis Ltd
Language eng
Subject C1
380107 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
730219 Behaviour and health
Abstract This study examined relations between stress and coping predictors and distress and positive outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS). A total of 502 people with MS completed a questionnaire at Time 1 and, 3 months later, Time 2 (n= 404). Predictors included Time 1 illness (duration, number of symptoms, course), number of problems, appraisal and coping (acceptance, problem solving, emotional release, avoidance, personal health control, energy conservation). Dependent variables were Time 2 distress (anxiety, depression) and positive outcomes (life satisfaction, positive affect, benefits). Results indicated that as hypothesised, personal health control, emotional release and physical assistance were related to the positive outcomes, whereas avoidance was related to distress, and acceptance was associated with the positive outcomes and distress. Findings highlight the differential relations between coping strategies and positive and negative outcomes and the role of appraisal and coping in regulating distress and promoting positive psychological states while managing a chronic illness.
Keyword Coping
Stress Appraisal
Multiple Sclerosis
Adjustment
Well-being
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Breast-cancer
Psychological Adjustment
Life Satisfaction
Stress
Benefit
Validation
Depression
Health
Adults
Predictors
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 18:51:33 EST