Freshman 15: Fact or fiction?

Morrow, ML, Heesch, KC, Dinger, MK, Hull, HR, Kneehans, AW and Fields, DA (2006) Freshman 15: Fact or fiction?. Obesity, 14 8: 1438-1443. doi:10.1038/oby.2006.163

Author Morrow, ML
Heesch, KC
Dinger, MK
Hull, HR
Kneehans, AW
Fields, DA
Title Freshman 15: Fact or fiction?
Journal name Obesity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1071-7323
Publication date 2006-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/oby.2006.163
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 14
Issue 8
Start page 1438
End page 1443
Total pages 6
Editor B.E. Corkey
Place of publication Silver Spring
Publisher North American Assoc Study Obesity
Language eng
Subject C1
321216 Health Promotion
730201 Women's health
730301 Health education and promotion
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate changes in body weight, BMI, body composition, and fat distribution among freshman women during their 1st year of college. Research Methods and Procedures: Freshman women during the 2004 to 2005 academic year were recruited to participate. The initial baseline visit occurred within the first 6 weeks of the fall 2004 semester, with the follow-up visit occurring during the last 6 weeks of the spring 2005 semester. At each visit, height, weight, BMI, waist and hip circumferences, and body composition (by DXA) were obtained. Results: One hundred thirty-seven participants completed both the fall and spring visits. Significant (p < 0.0001) increases between the fall and spring visits were observed for body weight (58.6 vs. 59.6 kg), BMI (21.9 vs. 22.3), percentage body fat (28.9 vs. 29.7), total fat mass (16.9 vs. 17.7 kg), fat-free mass (38.1 vs. 38.4 kg), waist circumference (69.4 vs. 70.3 cm), and hip circumference (97.4 vs. 98.6 cm), with no significant difference observed in the waist-to-hip ratio (0.71 vs. 0.71; p = 0.78). Discussion: Although statistically significant, changes in body weight, body composition, and fat mass were modest for women during their freshman year of college. These results do not support the purported freshman 15 weight gain publicized in the popular media.
Keyword College Students
Weight Gain
Body Composition
Endocrinology & Metabolism
Nutrition & Dietetics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 18:46:37 EST