Determinants of sufficient daily activity in Australian primary school children

Spinks, Anneliese, Macpherson, Alison, Bain, Chris and McClure, Roderick (2006) Determinants of sufficient daily activity in Australian primary school children. Journal of Paediatrics And Child Health, 42 11: 674-679. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1754.2006.00950.x

Author Spinks, Anneliese
Macpherson, Alison
Bain, Chris
McClure, Roderick
Title Determinants of sufficient daily activity in Australian primary school children
Journal name Journal of Paediatrics And Child Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1034-4810
Publication date 2006-11-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2006.00950.x
Open Access Status
Volume 42
Issue 11
Start page 674
End page 679
Total pages 6
Editor F. Oberklaid
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject C1
321202 Epidemiology
730204 Child health
111706 Epidemiology
1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
Aims: Australian guidelines recommend that children participate in at least one hour of physical activity every day. We aimed to measure physical activity participation in a random sample of Australian primary school children and to determine the biological, behavioural, environmental and social influences associated with insufficient daily activity.

Method: We analysed the following cross-section data from a randomly selected sample of children (N = 518) aged 5 to 12 years: age, gender, socioeconmic status (SES) indicators, family size, home play equipment availability, transport method to school, and estimated time per week in physical and sedentary activity. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine variables that were associated with insufficient (<60 minutes) daily activity.

Results: Seventy-six children (15% of the cohort) failed to meet the minimum activity recommendations of 60 minutes of daily activity. These children were significantly less likely to walk or cycle to school (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.43; 95% CI = 0.24 − 0.77) or participate in organised sports or activity (OR 0.42; 95% CI = 0.28 − 0.64) and were more likely to spend in excess of 2 hours a day watching television of using a computer for entertainment (OR 2.10 (1.16 − 3.78). Age, gender, SES and family size were not significantly associated with insufficient activity.

Conclusion: There exists a significant proportion of the paediatric population who are insufficiently active. Interventions to encourage increased activity in this sub-group may be successful if they seek to alter sedentary behaviour (namely television use) and method of transportation to and from school.
Keyword Diary
Physical Activity
Sedentary Behaviour
Measured Physical-activity
Body-mass Index
Activity Patterns
Q-Index Code C1

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 18:36:40 EST