Apnea diving: Long-term neurocognitive sequelae of repeated hypoxemia

Ridgway, Lynne and McFarland, Ken (2006) Apnea diving: Long-term neurocognitive sequelae of repeated hypoxemia. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 20 1: 160-176. doi:10.1080/13854040590947407

Author Ridgway, Lynne
McFarland, Ken
Title Apnea diving: Long-term neurocognitive sequelae of repeated hypoxemia
Journal name Clinical Neuropsychologist   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1385-4046
Publication date 2006-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/13854040590947407
Open Access Status
Volume 20
Issue 1
Start page 160
End page 176
Total pages 17
Place of publication Colchester, U.K.
Publisher Psychology Press
Language eng
Subject C1
380103 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
730104 Nervous system and disorders
Abstract This article examines the neurocognitive sequelae of repeated exposure to hypoxemia in apnea (breath-hold) divers. A brief review of the literature on the physiological and neurological adaptations involved in the human diving reflex is presented. The results from a neuropsychological investigation of N = 21 elite apnea divers are evaluated. Standard neuropsychological tests, with known sensitivity to mild brain insults, included speed of visuo-motor responding, speed of language comprehension, response inhibition, and visual and verbal attention and recall tasks. Results indicated that the breath-hold divers performed tasks within the average range compared to norms on all tests, suggesting that 1-20 years of repeated exposure to hypoxemia including multiple adverse neurological events did not impact on performance on standard neuropsychological tasks. The results are discussed in relation to implications for clinical conditions such as sleep apnea, respiratory disorders, altitude sickness, and recreational apnea activities.
Keyword Clinical neurology
Obstructive pulmonary-disease
Cerebral blood Flow
Cognitive deficits
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 18:26:02 EST