Thorium-230 coral chronology of a late prehistoric Hawaiian chiefdom

Weisler, Marshall I., Collerson, Kenneth D., Feng, Yue-Xing, Zhao, Jian-Xin and Yu, Ke-Fu (2006) Thorium-230 coral chronology of a late prehistoric Hawaiian chiefdom. Journal of Archaeological Science, 33 2: 257-273. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2005.07.012

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Author Weisler, Marshall I.
Collerson, Kenneth D.
Feng, Yue-Xing
Zhao, Jian-Xin
Yu, Ke-Fu
Title Thorium-230 coral chronology of a late prehistoric Hawaiian chiefdom
Journal name Journal of Archaeological Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-4403
Publication date 2006-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jas.2005.07.012
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 33
Issue 2
Start page 257
End page 273
Total pages 10
Editor Butzer, K. W.
Place of publication London
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject C1
430204 Archaeology of Complex Societies - Asia, Africa, Oceania and the Americas
260301 Geochronology and Isotope Geochemistry
750902 Understanding the pasts of other societies
210102 Archaeological Science
Abstract Documenting the history of settlement in Hawaii during the last few Centuries before European contact, is crucial to charting the evolution of the most complex chiefdom in Polynesia. It is precisely this period that Hawaii. and many Polynesian Societies, Underwent their most rapid changes in political, economic and social organisation. The last similar to 500 to 300 years in the C-14 calibration curve is problematic with wide fluctuations Often rendering large age spans that do not precisely date single events, especially troubling with a culture-historical record of similar to 1000 years duration. Here we present in extremely high precision Th-230 chronology for archaeologically constrained coral samples from a range of occupancy sites. Our high precision dates allow the time of site use to be clearly demonstrated. They also provide the first dates for habitation sites in Hawaii that clearly show contemporaneous occupation-the major problem in settlement pattern archaeology. We demonstrate that two sites were occupied within the same year. Our refined chronology, provides new and exciting oppurtunities for tracking sociopolitical and economic developments during the last few centuries-the crucial period in the evolution and transformation of Polynesian societies. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Thorium-230 Coral Clating
Hawaiian Prehistory
Settlement Patterns
Monumental Architecture
Radiocarbon Age Calibration
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 18:11:04 EST