Influences of Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status on the Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behaviours of Australian Children and Adolescents

Wang, Z., Byrne, N. M., Kenardy, J. and Hills, A. P. (2005) Influences of Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status on the Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behaviours of Australian Children and Adolescents. Eating Behaviors, 6 1: 23-33. doi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2004.05.001

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Author Wang, Z.
Byrne, N. M.
Kenardy, J.
Hills, A. P.
Title Influences of Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status on the Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behaviours of Australian Children and Adolescents
Journal name Eating Behaviors   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-0153
Publication date 2005-01-01
DOI 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2004.05.001
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 6
Issue 1
Start page 23
End page 33
Total pages 11
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Subject 321202 Epidemiology
320000 Medical and Health Sciences
321205 Nutrition and Dietetics
C1
730204 Child health
Abstract The present study examined the association between socioeconomic status (SES), ethnicity, body dissatisfaction, and eating behaviours of 10- to 18-year-old children and adolescents. The study participants (N = 768) were categorised as Caucasian (74.7%), Chinese or Vietnamese (18.2%), and Italian or Greek (7.0%), and high (82%), middle (8.6%), and low SES (9.4%) according to parents' occupations. The chi squared, Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test and logistic regression model were used to determine the interaction between variables. Females and older participants were more likely to desire a body figure that was thinner than their perceived current figure. Furthermore, the same groups were also more likely to be preoccupied with eating problems (females 7.1% vs. males 1.4%; for participants aged 15-18 years, 7.8% vs. participants aged 10-14 years, 3.9%). The body dissatisfaction gender difference was females 42.8% vs. males 11.8%, and participants aged 15-18 years 41.7% vs. those aged 10-14 years, 28.3%. Participants whose parents were managers/professionals were more likely to desire a body figure that was thinner than their perceived current figure than those from white-collar and blue-collar families. This was also the case for Caucasian Australians compared to those from Chinese or Vietnamese backgrounds. In conclusion, age and gender differences in body image and problems in eating behaviour were evident among children and adolescents. However, there was no significant SES and ethnic difference in the proportion of participants with eating problems and body dissatisfaction.
Keyword body image
body dissatisfaction
EAT-26
EDI-BD
ethnicity
socioeconomic status
Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes This is an author version of an article originally published as Wang, Z and Byrne, NM and Kenardy, J and Hills, AP (2005) Influences of ethnicity and socioeconomic status on the body dissatisfaction and eating behaviours of Australian children and adolescents, Eating Behaviors 6 (1) : 23-33. doi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2004.05.001 Copyright 2005 Elsevier. All rights reserved. Single copies only may be downloaded and printed for a reader's personal research and study.

 
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Created: Wed, 18 Oct 2006, 10:00:00 EST by Zaimin Wang on behalf of School of Medicine