Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, Australia

Collignon, Peter, Nimmo, Graeme R., Gottlieb, Thomas, Gosbell, Iain B. and Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (2005) Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11 4: 554-561. doi:10.3201/eid1104.040772


Author Collignon, Peter
Nimmo, Graeme R.
Gottlieb, Thomas
Gosbell, Iain B.
Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance
Title Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, Australia
Journal name Emerging Infectious Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1080-6040
1080-6059
Publication date 2005-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3201/eid1104.040772
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 4
Start page 554
End page 561
Total pages 8
Editor D. M. Bell
P. D. Drotman
Place of publication Atlanta, GA, United States
Publisher U.S. Department of Health and Human Services * Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Language eng
Subject C1
321010 Infectious Diseases
730101 Infectious diseases
Abstract Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) is common and increasing worldwide. A retrospective review was undertaken to quantify the number of cases, their place of acquisition, and the proportions caused by methicillin-resistant.S. aureus (MRSA) in 17 hospitals in Australia. Of 3,192 episodes, 1,571 (49%) were community onset. MRSA caused 40% of hospital-onset episodes and 12% of community-onset episodes. The median rate of SAB was 1.48/1,000 admissions (range 0.61-3.24; median rate for hospital-onset SAB was 0.7/1,000 and for community onset 0.8/1,000 admissions). Using these rates, we estimate that approximate to 6,900 episodes of SAB occur annually in Australia (35/100,000 population). SAB is common, and a substantial proportion of cases may be preventable. The epidemiology is evolving, with > 10% of community-onset SAB now caused by MRSA. This is an emerging infectious disease concern and is likely to impact on empiric antimicrobial drug prescribing in suspected cases of SAB.
Keyword Immunology
Infectious Diseases
Acquired Mrsa Bacteremia
Methicillin-resistant
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2006 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 17:48:27 EST