Relationships of sauries and needlefishes (Teleostei : Scomberesocoidea) to the internally fertilizing halfbeaks (Zenarchopteridae) based on the pharyngeal jaw apparatus

Aschliman, N. C., Tibbetts, I. R. and Collette, B. B. (2005) Relationships of sauries and needlefishes (Teleostei : Scomberesocoidea) to the internally fertilizing halfbeaks (Zenarchopteridae) based on the pharyngeal jaw apparatus. Proceedings of The Biological Society of Washington, 118 2: 416-427. doi:10.2988/0006-324X(2005)118[416:ROSANT]2.0.CO;2


Author Aschliman, N. C.
Tibbetts, I. R.
Collette, B. B.
Title Relationships of sauries and needlefishes (Teleostei : Scomberesocoidea) to the internally fertilizing halfbeaks (Zenarchopteridae) based on the pharyngeal jaw apparatus
Journal name Proceedings of The Biological Society of Washington   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0006-324X
Publication date 2005-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2988/0006-324X(2005)118[416:ROSANT]2.0.CO;2
Volume 118
Issue 2
Start page 416
End page 427
Total pages 12
Editor Richard Banks
Place of publication Washington, USA
Publisher Biological Society of Washington
Language eng
Subject C1
270501 Animal Systematics, Taxonomy and Phylogeny
779903 Living resources (flora and fauna)
Abstract The 40 life history, myological, and osteological characters that Tibbetts (1992) used in his study of the hemiramphids are evaluated for both saury genera (Cololabis and Scomberesox) to determine if the Scomberesocidae are more closely related to the Zenarchopteridae, to the needlefishes (Belonidae), or to the halfbeaks (Hemiramphidae) and flyingfishes (Exocoetidae). Data were analyzed using PAUP*, and eight equally parsimonious trees were found (70 steps, CI 0.814, RI 0.938). This analysis indicates that sauries are most closely related to needlefishes, supporting the historical concept of the superfamily Scomberesocoidea as a monophyletic assemblage. A caudal displacement of the origin of the retractor dorsalis muscle is a tentative additional synapomorphy for all four saury species. Zenarchopteridae is strongly supported as a valid family sister to the Scomberesocoidea (decay index = 19, bootstrap = 100). Resolution of the internal structure of the Belonidae and the Hemiramphidae requires the identification of additional characters and examination of a greater number of taxa.
Keyword Biology
Beloniform Fishes
Systematics
Hemiramphidae
Q-Index Code C1

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 17:48:02 EST