Mind and body: Concepts of human cognition, physiology and false belief in children with autism or typical development

Peterson, CC (2005) Mind and body: Concepts of human cognition, physiology and false belief in children with autism or typical development. Journal of Autism And Developmental Disorders, 35 4: 487-497. doi:10.1007/s10803-005-5039-6


Author Peterson, CC
Title Mind and body: Concepts of human cognition, physiology and false belief in children with autism or typical development
Journal name Journal of Autism And Developmental Disorders   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0162-3257
Publication date 2005-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10803-005-5039-6
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 35
Issue 4
Start page 487
End page 497
Total pages 11
Editor Lynn S. Liben
Place of publication USA
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Language eng
Subject C1
380106 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
780108 Behavioural and cognitive sciences
Abstract This study examined theory of mind (ToM) and concepts of human biology (eyes, heart, brain, lungs and mind) in a sample of 67 children, including 25 high functioning children with autism (age 6-13), plus age-matched and preschool comparison groups. Contrary to Baron-Cohen [1989, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19(4), 579-600], most children with autism correctly understood the functions of the brain (84%) and the mind (64%). Their explanations were predominantly mentalistic. They outperformed typically developing preschoolers in understanding inner physiological (heart, lungs) and cognitive (brain, mind) systems, and scored as high as age-matched typical children. Yet, in line with much previous ToM research, most children with autism (60%) failed false belief, and their ToM performance was unrelated to their understanding of. human biology. Results were discussed in relation to neurobiological and social-experiential accounts of the ToM deficit in autism.
Keyword Psychology, Developmental
Autism
Theory-of-mind
Concepts Of Mind
Concepts Of Biology
Conceptual Development
Metaanalysis
Language
Deaf
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 17:44:19 EST