The effect of depression on balance decline in mature women

Nitz, J. C., Low Choy, N. and Ogilvie, M. (2005) The effect of depression on balance decline in mature women. Hong Kong Journal of Physiotherapy, 23 1: 27-35. doi:10.1016/S1013-7025(09)70056-9

Author Nitz, J. C.
Low Choy, N.
Ogilvie, M.
Title The effect of depression on balance decline in mature women
Journal name Hong Kong Journal of Physiotherapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1013-7025
Publication date 2005-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S1013-7025(09)70056-9
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 23
Issue 1
Start page 27
End page 35
Total pages 9
Editor G. Chieng
J. Ng
Place of publication Hong Kong
Publisher Hong Kong Physiotherapy Association
Language eng
Subject C1
321024 Rehabilitation and Therapy - Occupational and Physical
730303 Occupational, speech and physiotherapy
Abstract Depression has been identified as a risk factor for falls, and a change in balance ability over time has yet to be investigated. This study aimed to identify if, over a 3-year period, balance ability changed in 26 women who were on medication for depression, compared to 26 non-depressed women. The two groups were matched for age, number of co-morbidities, activity level, medications, and height. All participants were simultaneously enrolled in a larger, longitudinal study of ageing. Balance measures included the Functional Reach (FR) test, Lateral Reach (LR) test, Step Test (ST), Timed Up and Go, and the Modified Clinical Test of Sensory Integration and Balance, Unilateral Stance (ULS) and Limit of Stability (LOS) laboratory tests. Results showed a significant difference between the groups on ST, right ULS (eyes closed) and forward end point excursion of the LOS. There was no difference in the number of falls between groups. Analysis of the depressed group alone showed that right FR declined significantly and left and right LR tended towards decline, but not differently between groups. There was no between-group differences for these measures. There was no significant decline in non-depressed women for any measurement. Depressed women have less ability to maintain their balance than non-depressed women, and should be encouraged to participate in appropriate activities known to improve or maintain balance.
Keyword Balance
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 16:35:06 EST