Effects of visual occlusion and fatigue on motor performance in water

Sullivan, E. A. and Hooper, S. L. (2005) Effects of visual occlusion and fatigue on motor performance in water. Perceptual And Motor Skills, 100 31: 681-688. doi:10.2466/PMS.100.3.681-688

Author Sullivan, E. A.
Hooper, S. L.
Title Effects of visual occlusion and fatigue on motor performance in water
Journal name Perceptual And Motor Skills   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0031-5125
Publication date 2005-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2466/PMS.100.3.681-688
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 100
Issue 31
Start page 681
End page 688
Total pages 8
Place of publication Missoula
Publisher Ammons Scientific
Language eng
Subject C1
321401 Exercise Physiology
750203 Organised sports
1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Sciences
Abstract The purpose of this study was to test the effects of visual occlusion and fatigue on the motor performance of vertical skills in synchronized swimming. Experienced synchronized swimmers (n = 12) were randomly assigned to either an exercise or nonexercise (control) activity group. Subjective ratings of fatigue were obtained from the swimmers who then each performed four vertical skills under alternating conditions of vision and visual occlusion before and after either a swimming (designed to induce fatigue) or nonphysical activity. A main effect of activity (p < .03) was found for two measures of performance accuracy (lateral and anterior total distance traveled) but not for lateral and anterior maximum deviation from vertical, indicating that fatigue played a role in executing the skills. The data also indicate that the maintenance of a stationary position is a skill of greater difficulty than maintaining a true vertical. In contrast with previous research findings on synchronized swimmers, a significant effect of vision in all conditions was found, with performance decrements in the conditions of visual occlusion showing that vision provided important sensory input for the swimmers.
Keyword Psychology, Experimental
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2006 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 6 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 16:06:39 EST