Wheat grain cooking process as investigated by modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry

Srikaeo, Khongsak, Furst, John E., Ashton, John F., Hosken, Robert W. and Sopade, Peter A. (2005) Wheat grain cooking process as investigated by modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry. Carbohydrate Polymers, 61 2: 203-210. doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2005.05.002


Author Srikaeo, Khongsak
Furst, John E.
Ashton, John F.
Hosken, Robert W.
Sopade, Peter A.
Title Wheat grain cooking process as investigated by modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry
Journal name Carbohydrate Polymers   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0144-8617
Publication date 2005-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.carbpol.2005.05.002
Volume 61
Issue 2
Start page 203
End page 210
Total pages 8
Editor J. F. Kennedy
John R. Mitchell
W. J. Orts
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subject C1
290103 Food Processing
670107 Grain mill products, starch and starch products (incl. sugar, bakery products)
Abstract The thermal properties of soft and hard wheat grains, cooked in a steam pressure cooker, as a function of cooking temperature and time were investigated by modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry (MTDSC). Four cooking temperatures (110, 120, 130 and 140 degrees C) and six cooking times (20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 min) for each temperature were studied. It was found that typical non-reversible heat flow thermograms of cooked and uncooked wheat grains consisted of two endothermic baseline shifts localised around 40-50 degrees C and then 60-70 degrees C. The second peaks of non-reversible heat flow thermograms (60-70 degrees C) were associated with starch gelatinisation. The degree of gelatinisation was quantified based on these peaks. In this study, starch was completely gelatinised within 60-80 min for cooking temperatures at 110-120 degrees C and within 20 min for cooking temperatures at 130-140 degrees C. MTDSC detected reversible endothermic baseline shifts in most samples, localised broadly around 48-67 degrees C with changes in heat capacity ranging from 0.02 to 0.06 J/g per degrees C. These reversible endothermic baseline shifts are related to the glass transition, which occurs during starch gelatinisation. Data on the specific heat capacity of the cooked wheat samples are provided. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Chemistry, Applied
Chemistry, Organic
Polymer Science
Wheat Grain Cooking
Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Mtdsc
Water-glycerol Systems
Glass-transition
Starch Gelatinization
Sodium-chloride
Heat-capacity
Phase-transitions
Thermal-analysis
Rice Starch
Sucrose
Mixtures
Q-Index Code C1

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 15:36:13 EST