Cleaner shrimp use a to advertise cleaning rocking dance service to clients

Becker, Justine H. A., Curtis, Lynda M. and Grutter, Alexandra S. (2005) Cleaner shrimp use a to advertise cleaning rocking dance service to clients. Current Biology, 15 8: 760-764. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2005.02.067

Author Becker, Justine H. A.
Curtis, Lynda M.
Grutter, Alexandra S.
Title Cleaner shrimp use a to advertise cleaning rocking dance service to clients
Journal name Current Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0960-9822
Publication date 2005-01-01
Year available 2005
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2005.02.067
Open Access Status
Volume 15
Issue 8
Start page 760
End page 764
Total pages 5
Editor G. North
Place of publication Cambridge, MA, United States
Publisher Cell Press
Language eng
Subject C1
270504 Invertebrate Biology
770300 Marine Environment
Abstract Signals transmit information to receivers about sender attributes, increase the fitness of both parties, and are selected for in cooperative interactions between species to reduce conflict [1, 2]. Marine cleaning interactions are known for stereotyped behaviors [3-6] that likely serve as signals. For example, dancing and tactile dancing in cleaner fish may serve to advertise cleaning services to client fish [7] and manipulate client behavior [8], respectively. Cleaner shrimp clean fish [9], yet are cryptic in comparison to cleaner fish. Signals, therefore, are likely essential for cleaner shrimp to attract clients. Here, we show that the yellow-beaked cleaner shrimp [110] Urocaridella sp. c [11] uses a stereotypical side-to-side movement, or rocking dance, while approaching potential client fish in the water column. This dance was followed by a cleaning interaction with the client 100% of the time. Hungry cleaner shrimp, which are more willing to clean than satiated ones [12], spent more time rocking and in closer proximity to clients Cephaiopholis cyanostigma than satiated ones, and when given a choice, clients preferred hungry, rocking shrimp. The rocking dance therefore influenced client behavior and, thus, appears to function as a signal to advertise the presence of cleaner shrimp to potential clients.
Keyword Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Reef Fish
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 15:21:38 EST