Long-term stasis in ecological assemblages: Evidence from the fossil record

DiMichele, W. A., Behrensmeyer, A. K., Olszewski, T. D., Labandeira, C. C., Pandolfi, J. M., Wing, S. L. and Bobe, R. (2004) Long-term stasis in ecological assemblages: Evidence from the fossil record. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution And Systematics, 35 285-322. doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.35.120202.110110


Author DiMichele, W. A.
Behrensmeyer, A. K.
Olszewski, T. D.
Labandeira, C. C.
Pandolfi, J. M.
Wing, S. L.
Bobe, R.
Title Long-term stasis in ecological assemblages: Evidence from the fossil record
Journal name Annual Review of Ecology Evolution And Systematics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1543-592X
Publication date 2004-01-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.35.120202.110110
Volume 35
Start page 285
End page 322
Total pages 38
Editor Douglas J. Futuyma
Place of publication Palo Alto, CA
Publisher Annual Reviews
Language eng
Subject C1
270702 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
780105 Biological sciences
Abstract Studies of plant and animal assemblages from both the terrestrial and the marine fossil records reveal persistence for extensive periods of geological time, sometimes millions of years. Persistence does not require lack of change or the absence of variation from one occurrence of the assemblage to the next in geological time. It does, however, imply that assemblage composition is bounded and that variation occurs within those bounds. The principal cause for these patterns appears to be species-, and perhaps clade-level, environmental fidelity that results in long-term tracking of physical conditions. Other factors that influence persistent recurrence of assemblages are historical, biogeographic effects, the law of large numbers, niche differentiation, and biotic interactions. Much research needs to be done in this area, and greater uniformity is needed in the approaches to studying the problem. However, great potential also exists for enhanced interaction between paleoecology and neoecology in understanding spatiotemporal complexity of ecological dynamics.
Keyword Ecology
Evolutionary Biology
Ecosystem Stability
Assembly Rules
Paleoecology
Ecological Persistence
Environmental Tracking
Carboniferous Tropical Vegetation
Coal-swamp Vegetation
Coral Patch Reefs
Community Structure
Coordinated Stasis
North-america
Temporal Variability
Environmental-change
Faunal Change
Marine Paleocommunities
Q-Index Code C1

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 15:17:48 EST