Prevalence and patterns of cognitive impairment in adult hemodialysis patients: the COGNITIVE-HD study

van Zwieten, Anita, Wong, Germaine, Ruospo, Marinella, Palmer, Suetonia C., Barulli, Maria Rosaria, Iurillo, Annalisa, Saglimbene, Valeria, Natale, Patrizia, Gargano, Letizia, Murgo, Marco, Loy, Clement T., Tortelli, Rosanna, Craig, Jonathan C., Johnson, David W., Tonelli, Marcello, Hegbrant, Jörgen, Wollheim, Charlotta, Logroscino, Giancarlo, Strippoli, Giovanni F. M. and COGNITIVE-HD study investigators (2017) Prevalence and patterns of cognitive impairment in adult hemodialysis patients: the COGNITIVE-HD study. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, . doi:10.1093/ndt/gfx314


Author van Zwieten, Anita
Wong, Germaine
Ruospo, Marinella
Palmer, Suetonia C.
Barulli, Maria Rosaria
Iurillo, Annalisa
Saglimbene, Valeria
Natale, Patrizia
Gargano, Letizia
Murgo, Marco
Loy, Clement T.
Tortelli, Rosanna
Craig, Jonathan C.
Johnson, David W.
Tonelli, Marcello
Hegbrant, Jörgen
Wollheim, Charlotta
Logroscino, Giancarlo
Strippoli, Giovanni F. M.
COGNITIVE-HD study investigators
Title Prevalence and patterns of cognitive impairment in adult hemodialysis patients: the COGNITIVE-HD study
Journal name Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1460-2385
0931-0509
Publication date 2017-11-22
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/ndt/gfx314
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Total pages 10
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Abstract Mounting evidence indicates an increased risk of cognitive impairment in adults with end-stage kidney disease on dialysis, but the extent and pattern of deficits across the spectrum of cognitive domains are uncertain.

We conducted a cross-sectional study of 676 adult hemodialysis patients from 20 centers in Italy, aiming to evaluate the prevalence and patterns of cognitive impairment across five domains of learning and memory, complex attention, executive function, language and perceptual-motor function. We assessed cognitive function using a neuropsychological battery of 10 tests and calculated test and domain z-scores using population norms (age or age/education). We defined cognitive impairment as a z-score  ≤ -1.5.

Participants' median age was 70.9 years (range 21.6-94.1) and 262 (38.8%) were women. Proportions of impairment on each domain were as follows: perceptual-motor function 31.5% (150/476), language 41.2% (273/662), executive function 41.7% (281/674), learning and memory 42.2% (269/638), complex attention 48.8% (329/674). Among 474 participants with data for all domains, only 28.9% (n  =  137) were not impaired on any domain, with 25.9% impaired on a single domain (n  =  123), 17.3% on two (n  =  82), 13.9% on three (n  =  66), 9.1% on four (n  =  43) and 4.9% (n  =  23) on all five. Across patients, patterns of impairment combinations were diverse.

In conclusion, cognitive impairment is extremely common in hemodialysis patients, across numerous domains, and patients often experience multiple deficits simultaneously. Clinical care should be tailored to meet the needs of patients with different types of cognitive impairment and future research should focus on identifying risk factors for cognitive decline.
Formatted abstract
Background: Mounting evidence indicates an increased risk of cognitive impairment in adults with end-stage kidney disease on dialysis, but the extent and pattern of deficits across the spectrum of cognitive domains are uncertain.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 676 adult hemodialysis patients from 20 centers in Italy, aiming to evaluate the prevalence and patterns of cognitive impairment across five domains of learning and memory, complex attention, executive function, language and perceptual-motor function. We assessed cognitive function using a neuropsychological battery of 10 tests and calculated test and domain z-scores using population norms (age or age/education). We defined cognitive impairment as a z-score  ≤ −1.5.

Results: Participants’ median age was 70.9 years (range 21.6–94.1) and 262 (38.8%) were women. Proportions of impairment on each domain were as follows: perceptual-motor function 31.5% (150/476), language 41.2% (273/662), executive function 41.7% (281/674), learning and memory 42.2% (269/638), complex attention 48.8% (329/674). Among 474 participants with data for all domains, only 28.9% (n  =  137) were not impaired on any domain, with 25.9% impaired on a single domain (n  =  123), 17.3% on two (n  =  82), 13.9% on three (n  =  66), 9.1% on four (n  =  43) and 4.9% (n  =  23) on all five. Across patients, patterns of impairment combinations were diverse.

Conclusions: In conclusion, cognitive impairment is extremely common in hemodialysis patients, across numerous domains, and patients often experience multiple deficits simultaneously. Clinical care should be tailored to meet the needs of patients with different types of cognitive impairment and future research should focus on identifying risk factors for cognitive decline.
Keyword Chronic hemodialysis
Cognitive impairment
Dementia
End-stage renal disease
Hemodialysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
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Created: Wed, 14 Mar 2018, 11:18:59 EST