Effect of environment and genotype on bread-making quality of spring-sown spring wheat cultivars in China

Zhang, Yong, He,Zhonghu, Ye, Guoyou, Zhang, Aimin and Van Ginkel, Maarten (2004) Effect of environment and genotype on bread-making quality of spring-sown spring wheat cultivars in China. Euphytica, 139 1: 75-83. doi:10.1007/s10681-004-2131-5

Author Zhang, Yong
Ye, Guoyou
Zhang, Aimin
Van Ginkel, Maarten
Title Effect of environment and genotype on bread-making quality of spring-sown spring wheat cultivars in China
Journal name Euphytica   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0014-2336
Publication date 2004-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10681-004-2131-5
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 139
Issue 1
Start page 75
End page 83
Total pages 9
Editor R.G.F. Visser
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers
Language eng
Subject C1
300203 Plant Improvement (Selection, Breeding and Genetic Engineering)
620101 Wheat
0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management
Abstract Improvement of end-use quality in bread wheat depends on a thorough understanding of current wheat quality and the influences of genotype (G), environment (E), and genotype by environment interaction (G x E) on quality traits. Thirty-nine spring-sown spring wheat (SSSW) cultivars and advanced lines from China were grown in four agro-ecological zones comprising seven locations during the 1998 and 1999 cropping seasons. Data on 12 major bread-making quality traits were used to investigate the effect of G, E, and G x E on these traits. Wide range variability for protein quantity and quality, starch quality parameters and milling quality in Chinese SSSW was observed. Genotype and environment were found to significantly influence all quality parameters as major effects. Kernel hardness, flour yield, Zeleny sedimentation value and mixograph properties were mainly influenced by the genetic variance components, while thousand kernel weight, test weight, and falling number were mostly influenced by the environmental variance components. Genotype, environment, and their interaction had important effects on test weight, mixing development time and RVA parameters. Cultivars originating from Zone VI (northeast) generally expressed high kernel hardness, good starch quality, but poor milling and medium to weak mixograph performance; those from Zone VII (north) medium to good gluten and starch quality, but low milling quality; those from Zone VIII (central northwest) medium milling and starch quality, and medium to strong mixograph performance; those from Zone IX (western/southwestern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau) medium milling quality, but poor gluten strength and starch parameters; and those from Zone X (northwest) high milling quality, strong mixograph properties, but low protein content. Samples from Harbin are characterized by good gluten and starch quality, but medium to poor milling quality; those from Hongxinglong by strong mixograph properties, medium to high milling quality, but medium to poor starch quality and medium to low protein content; those from Hohhot by good gluten but poor milling quality; those from Linhe by weak gluten quality, medium to poor milling quality; those from Lanzhou by poor bread-making and starch quality; those from Yongning by acceptable bread-making and starch quality and good milling quality; and those from Urumqi by good milling quality, medium gluten quality and good starch pasting parameters. Our findings suggest that Chinese SSSW quality could be greatly enhanced through genetic improvement for targeted well-characterized production environments.
Keyword Agronomy
Plant Sciences
Baking Quality
Bread Wheat
Genotype By Environment Interaction
Genetic Improvement
Triticum Aestivum
Red Winter-wheat
Baking Quality
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2005 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 24 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 45 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 14:07:13 EST