Psychotic experiences and religiosity: data from the WHO world mental health surveys

Kovess-Masfety, V., Saha, S., Lim, C. C. W., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Al-Hamzawi, A., Alonso, J., Borges, G., de Girolamo, G., de Jonge, P., Demyttenaere, K., Florescu, S., Haro, J. M., Hu, C., Karam, E. G., Kawakami, N., Lee, S., Lepine, J. P., Navarro-Mateu, F., Stagnaro, J. C., Ten Have, M., Viana, M. C., Kessler, R. C., McGrath, J. J. and WHO World Mental Health Survey Collaborators (2018) Psychotic experiences and religiosity: data from the WHO world mental health surveys. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 137 4: 306-315. doi:10.1111/acps.12859


Author Kovess-Masfety, V.
Saha, S.
Lim, C. C. W.
Aguilar-Gaxiola, S.
Al-Hamzawi, A.
Alonso, J.
Borges, G.
de Girolamo, G.
de Jonge, P.
Demyttenaere, K.
Florescu, S.
Haro, J. M.
Hu, C.
Karam, E. G.
Kawakami, N.
Lee, S.
Lepine, J. P.
Navarro-Mateu, F.
Stagnaro, J. C.
Ten Have, M.
Viana, M. C.
Kessler, R. C.
McGrath, J. J.
WHO World Mental Health Survey Collaborators
Title Psychotic experiences and religiosity: data from the WHO world mental health surveys
Journal name Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1600-0447
0001-690X
Publication date 2018-02-16
Year available 2018
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/acps.12859
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 137
Issue 4
Start page 306
End page 315
Total pages 10
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ., United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Abstract Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample.

A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments.

Of 25 542 included respondents, 85.6% (SE = 0.3) (n = 21 860) respondents reported having a religious affiliation. Overall, there was no association between religious affiliation status and PEs. Within the subgroup having a religious affiliation, four of five indices of religiosity were significantly associated with increased odds of PEs (odds ratios ranged from 1.3 to 1.9). The findings persisted after adjustments for mental disorders and/or general medical conditions, as well as religious denomination type. There was a significant association between increased religiosity and reporting more types of PEs.

Among individuals with religious affiliations, those who reported more religiosity on four of five indices had increased odds of PEs. Focussed and more qualitative research will be required to unravel the interrelationship between religiosity and PEs.
Keyword World Mental Health Survey
Epidemiology
Psychotic experiences
Religiosity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID APP1056929
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Queensland Brain Institute Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 21 Feb 2018, 11:02:25 EST