Pulp Stones, Prevalence and Distribution in an Iranian Population

Kuzekanani, Maryam, Haghani, Jahangir, Walsh, Laurence J. and Estabragh, Mohammad Am (2018) Pulp Stones, Prevalence and Distribution in an Iranian Population. Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, 19 1: 60-65.

Author Kuzekanani, Maryam
Haghani, Jahangir
Walsh, Laurence J.
Estabragh, Mohammad Am
Title Pulp Stones, Prevalence and Distribution in an Iranian Population
Journal name Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1526-3711
Publication date 2018-01-01
Year available 2018
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 19
Issue 1
Start page 60
End page 65
Total pages 6
Place of publication New Delhi, India
Publisher Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
Abstract This study determined the prevalence and distribution of pulp stones in the permanent dentition of an adult population using their periapical radiographs.

The study followed a cross-sectional design. A total of 800 periapical radiographs collected from 412 patients attending dental clinics in Kerman, Islamic Republic of Iran, were examined using magnification.

Pulp stones were present in 9.6% of all permanent teeth examined, being most common in maxillary first and second molars, followed by mandibular first and second molars. They were present in 31.5% of all adult patients, with a significantly increased prevalence in females compared with males (40.5 vs 23.9%, chi-squared test p < 0.001). There was also an increased prevalence with age.

Based on the results of this study, clinicians should expect to encounter pulp stones most commonly in the pulp chambers of maxillary first and second molars, particularly in older female patients.

Pulp stones depending on their size and location can pose challenges to endodontic treatment. They obstruct access to the canal orifices and thus complicate endodontic treatment. Knowing where and when pulp stones are likely to occur improves the quality of root canal treatments.
Keyword Calcification
Prevalence Pulp stones.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Dentistry Publications
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Created: Wed, 07 Feb 2018, 11:16:28 EST