Spatial and temporal patterns of mass bleaching of corals in the Anthropocene

Hughes, Terry P, Anderson, Kristen D, Connolly, Sean R, Heron, Scott F, Kerry, James T, Lough, Janice M, Baird, Andrew H, Baum, Julia K, Berumen, Michael L, Bridge, Tom C, Claar, Danielle C, Eakin, C Mark, Gilmour, James P, Graham, Nicholas A J, Harrison, Hugo, Hobbs, Jean-Paul A, Hoey, Andrew S, Hoogenboom, Mia, Lowe, Ryan J, McCulloch, Malcolm T, Pandolfi, John M, Pratchett, Morgan, Schoepf, Verena, Torda, Gergely and Wilson, Shaun K (2018) Spatial and temporal patterns of mass bleaching of corals in the Anthropocene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359 6371: 80-83. doi:10.1126/science.aan8048


Author Hughes, Terry P
Anderson, Kristen D
Connolly, Sean R
Heron, Scott F
Kerry, James T
Lough, Janice M
Baird, Andrew H
Baum, Julia K
Berumen, Michael L
Bridge, Tom C
Claar, Danielle C
Eakin, C Mark
Gilmour, James P
Graham, Nicholas A J
Harrison, Hugo
Hobbs, Jean-Paul A
Hoey, Andrew S
Hoogenboom, Mia
Lowe, Ryan J
McCulloch, Malcolm T
Pandolfi, John M
Pratchett, Morgan
Schoepf, Verena
Torda, Gergely
Wilson, Shaun K
Title Spatial and temporal patterns of mass bleaching of corals in the Anthropocene
Journal name Science (New York, N.Y.)   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1095-9203
Publication date 2018-01-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1126/science.aan8048
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 359
Issue 6371
Start page 80
End page 83
Total pages 4
Abstract Tropical reef systems are transitioning to a new era in which the interval between recurrent bouts of coral bleaching is too short for a full recovery of mature assemblages. We analyzed bleaching records at 100 globally distributed reef locations from 1980 to 2016. The median return time between pairs of severe bleaching events has diminished steadily since 1980 and is now only 6 years. As global warming has progressed, tropical sea surface temperatures are warmer now during current La Niña conditions than they were during El Niño events three decades ago. Consequently, as we transition to the Anthropocene, coral bleaching is occurring more frequently in all El Niño-Southern Oscillation phases, increasing the likelihood of annual bleaching in the coming decades.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Pubmed Import
 
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Created: Wed, 10 Jan 2018, 12:10:34 EST