The identification of extinct megafauna in rock art using geometric morphometrics: A Genyornis newtoni painting in Arnhem Land, northern Australia?

Cobden, Rommy, Clarkson, Chris, Price, Gilbert J., David, Bruno, Geneste, Jean-Michel, Delannoy, Jean-Jacques, Barker, Bryce, Lamb, Lara and Gunn, Robert G. (2017) The identification of extinct megafauna in rock art using geometric morphometrics: A Genyornis newtoni painting in Arnhem Land, northern Australia?. Journal of Archaeological Science, 87 95-107. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2017.09.013


Author Cobden, Rommy
Clarkson, Chris
Price, Gilbert J.
David, Bruno
Geneste, Jean-Michel
Delannoy, Jean-Jacques
Barker, Bryce
Lamb, Lara
Gunn, Robert G.
Title The identification of extinct megafauna in rock art using geometric morphometrics: A Genyornis newtoni painting in Arnhem Land, northern Australia?
Journal name Journal of Archaeological Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-4403
1095-9238
Publication date 2017-10-16
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jas.2017.09.013
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 87
Start page 95
End page 107
Total pages 13
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher ACADEMIC PRESS
Language eng
Abstract Identifying extinct fauna in rock art is a common but difficult exercise. Here we use geometric morphometric analysis of shape to examine the oft-cited painting from Arnhem Land attributed by Gunn et al. to the long-extinct species Genyornis newtoni. We compare the shape of key anatomical features in this painting to anatomical depictions of Genyornis as well as to two other possible candidates the emu and the magpie goose. Comparisons are also made to rock art depictions of these birds from northern Australia. We find that while the so-called 'Genyornis' painting does more closely resemble anatomical depictions of Genyornis than any other bird examined, all rock art images overlap in shape to such a degree that confident assignment of this image to any avian species is problematic. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Keyword Cave Art
Kimberley
Climate
Shape
Bird
Old
Egg
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Social Science Publications
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
 
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Created: Sat, 30 Dec 2017, 23:06:09 EST