Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative

Bossuyt, Patrick M., Reitsma, Johannes B., Bruns, David E., Gatsonis, Constantine A., Glasziou, Paul P., Irwig, Les M., Lijmer, Jeroen G., Moher, David, Rennie, Drummond and De Vet, Henrica C.W. (2003) Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative. Clinical Chemistry, 49 1: 1-6. doi:10.1373/49.1.1

Author Bossuyt, Patrick M.
Reitsma, Johannes B.
Bruns, David E.
Gatsonis, Constantine A.
Glasziou, Paul P.
Irwig, Les M.
Lijmer, Jeroen G.
Moher, David
Rennie, Drummond
De Vet, Henrica C.W.
Title Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: The STARD initiative
Journal name Clinical Chemistry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0009-9147
Publication date 2003-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1373/49.1.1
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 49
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 6
Total pages 6
Language eng
Subject 1308 Clinical Biochemistry
2704 Biochemistry, medical
Abstract Background: To comprehend the results of diagnostic accuracy studies, readers must understand the design, conduct, analysis, and results of such studies. That goal can be achieved only through complete transparency from authors. Objective: To improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in the study and to evaluate its generalisability. Methods: The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) steering committee searched the literature to identify publications on the appropriate conduct and reporting of diagnostic studies and extracted potential items into an extensive list. Researchers, editors, and members of professional organisations shortened this list during a two-day consensus meeting with the goal of developing a checklist and a generic flow diagram for studies of diagnostic accuracy. Results: The search for published guidelines on diagnostic research yielded 33 previously published checklists, from which we extracted a list of 75 potential items. The consensus meeting shortened the list to 25 items, using evidence on bias whenever available. A prototypical flow diagram provides information about the method of patient recruitment, the order of test execution and the numbers of patients undergoing the test under evaluation, the reference standard or both. Conclusions: Evaluation of research depends on complete and accurate reporting. If medical journals adopt the checklist and the flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
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Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 657 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 29 Dec 2017, 18:07:39 EST