Reliability, concurrent validity, and cultural adaptation of the Geriatric Depression Scale and the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory for detecting depression and anxiety symptoms among older Chinese immigrants: an Australian study

Dow, Briony, Lin, Xiaoping, Pachana, Nancy A., Bryant, Christina, LoGiudice, Dina, M.Y. Goh, Anita and Haralambous, Betty (2017) Reliability, concurrent validity, and cultural adaptation of the Geriatric Depression Scale and the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory for detecting depression and anxiety symptoms among older Chinese immigrants: an Australian study. International Psychogeriatrics, . doi:10.1017/S1041610217002332


Author Dow, Briony
Lin, Xiaoping
Pachana, Nancy A.
Bryant, Christina
LoGiudice, Dina
M.Y. Goh, Anita
Haralambous, Betty
Title Reliability, concurrent validity, and cultural adaptation of the Geriatric Depression Scale and the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory for detecting depression and anxiety symptoms among older Chinese immigrants: an Australian study
Journal name International Psychogeriatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1741-203X
1041-6102
Publication date 2017-11-08
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S1041610217002332
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Total pages 14
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Language eng
Subject 3203 Clinical Psychology
2909 Gerontology
2717 Geriatrics and Gerontology
2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Abstract Background:: Older Chinese people are one of the largest and fastest growing immigrant groups in Western countries. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) are screening tools that have been specifically designed for older people. This study explored their validity, concurrent reliability, and cultural appropriateness for detecting depression and anxiety symptoms among older Chinese immigrants living in Melbourne, Australia. Methods:: A total of 87 Chinese people were recruited from Chinese senior groups. Five screening tools were used, including the GDS, the GAI, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Kessler 10 (K10), and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Data were collected through standardized interviews. Results:: The GDS and the GAI were found to be reliable and valid tools for detecting depression and anxiety in this sample. Based on the results of the five screening tools, approximately 20% of participants exhibited clinically significant symptoms of depression and 8% of anxiety. Unexpectedly, there was a higher rate of depression and anxiety symptoms among Mandarin speaking people compared with Cantonese speaking people. Conclusion:: This study adds to the evidence that older Chinese immigrants are at greater risk of depression than the general older population. It suggests that primary care and mental health services should be aware of and responsive to the increased risk of depression among this group and that further studies are needed to investigate what is contributing to this increased risk.
Keyword ageing
anxiety
cross-cultural
depression
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Created: Sat, 16 Dec 2017, 20:19:20 EST