Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: Are models of self and of other pancultural constructs?

Schmitt, David P., Alcalay, Lidia, Allensworth, Melissa, Allik, Jüri, Ault, Lara, Austers, Ivars, Bennett, Kevin L., Bianchi, Gabriel, Boholst, Fredrick, Cunen, Mary Ann Borg, Braeckman, Johan, Brainerd Jr., Edwin G., Caral, Leo Gerard A., Caron, Gabrielle, Casullo, Maria Martina, Cunningham, Michael, Daibo, Ikuo, De Backer, Charlotte, De Souza, Eros, Diaz-Loving, Rolando, Diniz, Gláucia, Durkin, Kevin, Echegaray, Marcela, Eremsoy, Ekin, Euler, Harald A., Falzon, Ruth, Fisher, Maryanne L., Foley, Dolores, Fowler, Robert, Fry, Douglas P., Fry, Sirpa, Ghayur, M. Arif, Giri, Vijai N., Golden, Debra L., Grammer, Karl, Grimaldi, Liria, Halberstadt, Jamin, Haque, Shamsul, Herrera, Dora, Hertel, Janine, Hitchell, Amanda, Hoffmann, Heather, Hooper, Danica, Hradilekova, Zuzana, Hudek-Kene-Evi, Jasna, Huffcutt, Allen, Jaafar, Jas, Jankauskaite, Margarita, Kabangu-Stahel, Heidi, Kardum, Igor, Khoury, Brigitte, Kwon, Hayrran, Laidra, Kaia, Laireiter, Anton-Rupert, Lakerveld, Dustin, Lampert, Ada, Lauri, Maryanne, Lavallée, Marguerite, Lee, Suk-Jae, Leung, Luk Chung, Locke, Kenneth D., Locke, Vance, Luksik, Ivan, Magaisa, Ishmael, Marcinkeviciene, Dalia, Mata, André, Mata, Rui, Mccarthy, Barry, Mills, Michael E., Mkhize, Nhlanhla J., Moreira, João, Moreira, Sérgio, Moya, Miguel, Munyae, M., Noller, Patricia, Olimat, Hmoud, Opre, Adrian, Panayiotou, Alexia, Petrovic, Nebojsa, Poels, Karolien, Popper, Miroslav, Poulimenou, Maria, P'yatokha, Volodymyr, Raymond, Michel, Reips, Ulf-Dietrich, Reneau, Susan E., Rivera-Aragon, Sofia, Rowatt, Wade C., Ruch, Willibald, Rus, Velko S., Safir, Marilyn P., Salas, Sonia, Sambataro, Fabio, Sandnabba, Kenneth N., Schleeter, Rachel, Schulmeyer, Marion K., Schütz, Astrid, Scrimali, Tullio and Shackelford, Todd K. (2004) Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: Are models of self and of other pancultural constructs?. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35 4: 367-402. doi:10.1177/0022022104266105


Author Schmitt, David P.
Alcalay, Lidia
Allensworth, Melissa
Allik, Jüri
Ault, Lara
Austers, Ivars
Bennett, Kevin L.
Bianchi, Gabriel
Boholst, Fredrick
Cunen, Mary Ann Borg
Braeckman, Johan
Brainerd Jr., Edwin G.
Caral, Leo Gerard A.
Caron, Gabrielle
Casullo, Maria Martina
Cunningham, Michael
Daibo, Ikuo
De Backer, Charlotte
De Souza, Eros
Diaz-Loving, Rolando
Diniz, Gláucia
Durkin, Kevin
Echegaray, Marcela
Eremsoy, Ekin
Euler, Harald A.
Falzon, Ruth
Fisher, Maryanne L.
Foley, Dolores
Fowler, Robert
Fry, Douglas P.
Fry, Sirpa
Ghayur, M. Arif
Giri, Vijai N.
Golden, Debra L.
Grammer, Karl
Grimaldi, Liria
Halberstadt, Jamin
Haque, Shamsul
Herrera, Dora
Hertel, Janine
Hitchell, Amanda
Hoffmann, Heather
Hooper, Danica
Hradilekova, Zuzana
Hudek-Kene-Evi, Jasna
Huffcutt, Allen
Jaafar, Jas
Jankauskaite, Margarita
Kabangu-Stahel, Heidi
Kardum, Igor
Khoury, Brigitte
Kwon, Hayrran
Laidra, Kaia
Laireiter, Anton-Rupert
Lakerveld, Dustin
Lampert, Ada
Lauri, Maryanne
Lavallée, Marguerite
Lee, Suk-Jae
Leung, Luk Chung
Locke, Kenneth D.
Locke, Vance
Luksik, Ivan
Magaisa, Ishmael
Marcinkeviciene, Dalia
Mata, André
Mata, Rui
Mccarthy, Barry
Mills, Michael E.
Mkhize, Nhlanhla J.
Moreira, João
Moreira, Sérgio
Moya, Miguel
Munyae, M.
Noller, Patricia
Olimat, Hmoud
Opre, Adrian
Panayiotou, Alexia
Petrovic, Nebojsa
Poels, Karolien
Popper, Miroslav
Poulimenou, Maria
P'yatokha, Volodymyr
Raymond, Michel
Reips, Ulf-Dietrich
Reneau, Susan E.
Rivera-Aragon, Sofia
Rowatt, Wade C.
Ruch, Willibald
Rus, Velko S.
Safir, Marilyn P.
Salas, Sonia
Sambataro, Fabio
Sandnabba, Kenneth N.
Schleeter, Rachel
Schulmeyer, Marion K.
Schütz, Astrid
Scrimali, Tullio
Shackelford, Todd K.
Title Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: Are models of self and of other pancultural constructs?
Journal name Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-0221
Publication date 2004-07-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1177/0022022104266105
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 35
Issue 4
Start page 367
End page 402
Total pages 36
Language eng
Subject 3207 Social Psychology
3316 Cultural Studies
3314 Anthropology
Abstract As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, a total of 17,804 participants from 62 cultural regions completed the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ), a self-report measure of adult romantic attachment. Correlational analyses within each culture suggested that the Model of Self and the Model of Other scales of the RQ were psychometrically valid within most cultures. Contrary to expectations, the Model of Self and Model of Other dimensions of the RQ did not underlie the four-category model of attachment in the same way across all cultures. Analyses of specific attachment styles revealed that secure romantic attachment was normative in 79% of cultures and that preoccupied romantic attachment was particularly prevalent in East Asian cultures. Finally, the romantic attachment profiles of individual nations were correlated with sociocultural indicators in ways that supported evolutionary theories of romantic attachment and basic human mating strategies.
Keyword Culture
Human mating strategies
Internal working models
Romantic attachment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
 
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Created: Fri, 15 Dec 2017, 13:21:11 EST