Dietary intake, exercise, obesity and noncommunicable disease in rural and urban populations of three pacific island countries

Taylor, Richard, Badcock, Jacqui, King, Hilary, Pargeter, Karen, Zimmet, Paul, Fred, Theto, Lund, Margaret, Ringrose, Helen, Bach, Francois, Wang, Rui-Lin and Sladden, Tim (1992) Dietary intake, exercise, obesity and noncommunicable disease in rural and urban populations of three pacific island countries. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 11 3: 283-293. doi:10.1080/07315724.1992.10718229


Author Taylor, Richard
Badcock, Jacqui
King, Hilary
Pargeter, Karen
Zimmet, Paul
Fred, Theto
Lund, Margaret
Ringrose, Helen
Bach, Francois
Wang, Rui-Lin
Sladden, Tim
Title Dietary intake, exercise, obesity and noncommunicable disease in rural and urban populations of three pacific island countries
Journal name Journal of the American College of Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1541-1087
0731-5724
Publication date 1992-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/07315724.1992.10718229
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 11
Issue 3
Start page 283
End page 293
Total pages 11
Language eng
Subject 2701 Medicine (miscellaneous)
2916 Nutrition and Dietetics
Abstract Dietary intake surveys of rural and urban communities in three Pacific Island countries were conducted using an adjusted 24-hour dietary recall method. Dietary survey samples were drawn from noncommunicable disease surveys of Melanesians and Indians in Fiji, Micronesians in Kiribati and Melanesians in Vanuatu. Comparisons of total energy and macronutrient intakes and of obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, serum cholesterol and physical activity levels revealed similar rural/urban trends. Urban subjects were more obese than rural ones, had higher prevalence rates of diabetes and hypertension, and generally had higher cholesterol levels. Rural subjects were leaner, suffered less from diabetes and hypertension, and had greater total energy intakes than urban dwellers. Rural people ate a greater proportion of carbohydrates, while urban subjects ate proportionally more protein and fat, apart from the outer Kiribati atolls with high coconut intakes. Rural subjects in all three studies had higher levels of physical activity. These studies provide persuasive evidence that exercise as well as diet has a significant effect on rural/urban differentials in obesity and noncommunicable disease, and that energy intake reflects energy expenditure.
Keyword Diabetes mellitus
Dietary intake
Energy intake
Fiji
Hypertension
Kiribati
Melanesia
Micronesia
Noncommunicable disease
Obesity
Physical activity
Rural/urban differentials
Vanuatu
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Scopus Import
Scopus Import - Archived
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 56 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Fri, 15 Dec 2017, 04:43:14 EST