Influences on Psychological Well-Being and Ill-Being in Older Women

Tan, Wee Hong, Sheffield, Jeanie, Khoo, Soo Keat, Byrne, Gerard and Pachana, Nancy A. (2017) Influences on Psychological Well-Being and Ill-Being in Older Women. Australian Psychologist, . doi:10.1111/ap.12297


Author Tan, Wee Hong
Sheffield, Jeanie
Khoo, Soo Keat
Byrne, Gerard
Pachana, Nancy A.
Title Influences on Psychological Well-Being and Ill-Being in Older Women
Journal name Australian Psychologist   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1742-9544
0005-0067
Publication date 2017-06-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/ap.12297
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Total pages 10
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley and Sons
Language eng
Subject 1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
3200 Psychology
Abstract Objectives: To examine factors contributing to psychological well-being and ill-being in older Australian women. Methods: A multi-variable model examining personality traits, life events, medical diagnoses, and cognitive appraisal was tested on 296 women (mean age = 69.13, standard deviation = 10.20) from the Longitudinal Assessment of Women Study using a cross-sectional design. Results: Neuroticism, optimism, and extraversion were associated with both well-being and ill-being, but these relationships were partially mediated by cognitive appraisal. The relationship between number of life events and ill-being was fully mediated by cognitive appraisal, while the relationship between number of life events and well-being was partially mediated by cognitive appraisal. The number of medical diagnoses directly predicted well-being. Conclusions: The supported model suggests that individual and public-health interventions targeting personality traits, cognitive appraisal, and life events might have potential to improve well-being and reduce ill-being as individuals age.
Keyword Ageing women
Cognitive appraisal
Ill-being
Life events
Personality traits
Well-being
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Created: Fri, 01 Dec 2017, 00:47:38 EST