Bias in protected-area location and its effects on long-term aspirations of biodiversity conventions

Venter, Oscar, Magrach, Ainhoa, Outram, Nick, Klein, Carissa Joy, Possingham, Hugh P, Di Marco, Moreno and Watson, James E M (2017) Bias in protected-area location and its effects on long-term aspirations of biodiversity conventions. Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, . doi:10.1111/cobi.12970


Author Venter, Oscar
Magrach, Ainhoa
Outram, Nick
Klein, Carissa Joy
Possingham, Hugh P
Di Marco, Moreno
Watson, James E M
Title Bias in protected-area location and its effects on long-term aspirations of biodiversity conventions
Journal name Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1523-1739
Publication date 2017-06-21
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/cobi.12970
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Publisher Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Language eng
Subject 1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
2303 Ecology
2309 Nature and Landscape Conservation
Abstract To contribute to the aspirations of recent international biodiversity conventions, protected areas (PAs) must be strategically located and not simply established on economically marginal lands as they have in the past. With refined international commitments under the Convention on Biological Diversity to target protected areas in places of "importance to biodiversity," perhaps they may now be. We analyzed location biases in PAs globally over historic (pre-2004) and recent periods. Specifically, we examined whether the location of protected areas are more closely associated with high concentrations of threatened vertebrate species or with areas of low agricultural opportunity costs. We found that both old and new protected areas did not target places with high concentrations of threatened vertebrate species. Instead, they appeared to be established in locations that minimize conflict with agriculturally suitable lands. This entrenchment of past trends has substantial implications for the contributions these protected areas are making to international commitments to conserve biodiversity. If protected-area growth from 2004 to 2014 had strategically targeted unrepresented threatened vertebrates, >30 times more species (3086 or 2553 potential vs. 85 actual new species represented) would have been protected for the same area or the same cost as the actual expansion. With the land available for conservation declining, nations must urgently focus new protection on places that provide for the conservation outcomes outlined in international treaties.
Keyword Convención por la Diversidad Biológica
Convention on Biological Diversity
planeación sistemática de la conservación
protección residual
protected area
residual protection
systematic conservation planning
área protegida
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Pubmed Import
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 29 Nov 2017, 12:29:59 EST