Socio-economic differentials in cannabis use trends in Australia

Chan, Gary C. K., Quinn, Catherine, Leung, Janni, Weier, Megan and Hall, Wayne (2017) Socio-economic differentials in cannabis use trends in Australia. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 113 3: 454-461. doi:10.1111/add.14010

Author Chan, Gary C. K.
Quinn, Catherine
Leung, Janni
Weier, Megan
Hall, Wayne
Title Socio-economic differentials in cannabis use trends in Australia
Journal name Addiction (Abingdon, England)   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1360-0443
Publication date 2017-09-14
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/add.14010
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 113
Issue 3
Start page 454
End page 461
Total pages 8
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 2701 Medicine (miscellaneous)
2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Abstract To test if the degree of change in cannabis use between 2001 and 2013 differed according to socio-economic status.

Repeated cross-sectional household surveys that were nationally representative.


Adult samples from the 2001 and 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Surveys (n = 23 642 in 2001 and n = 21 353 in 2013), the largest nationally representative survey on drug use in Australia.

Frequency of cannabis use coded as daily use, weekly use, less than weekly use and non-current use; socio-economic status (SES) as measured by personal income and educational level.

There were significant differences in changes to levels of cannabis use between SES groups. Among participants who completed high school, the probability of daily use decreased from 0.014 to 0.009 (P < 0.001), and the probability of weekly use decreased from 0.025 to 0.017 (P < 0.001). These probabilities remained stable for participants who did not complete high school. The probability of weekly cannabis use decreased from 0.032 to 0.023 among participants with middle level income (P = 0.004), and from 0.021 to 0.013 among those with high income (P = 0.005). There were no significant changes in these probabilities among those with low income (0.026 in 2001 and 0.032 in 2013; P = 0.203).

The decline in cannabis use in Australia from 2001 to 2013 occurred largely among higher socio-economic status groups. For people with lower income and/or lower education, rates of frequent cannabis use remained unchanged.
Keyword Cannabis
socio-economic status
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research Publications
School of Public Health Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 15 Nov 2017, 13:40:37 EST