The influence of facial sex cues on emotional expression categorization is not fixed

Craig, Belinda M. and Lipp, Ottmar V. (2017) The influence of facial sex cues on emotional expression categorization is not fixed. Emotion, 17 1: 28-39. doi:10.1037/emo0000208

Author Craig, Belinda M.
Lipp, Ottmar V.
Title The influence of facial sex cues on emotional expression categorization is not fixed
Journal name Emotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1528-3542
Publication date 2017-02-01
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/emo0000208
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 17
Issue 1
Start page 28
End page 39
Total pages 12
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Language eng
Abstract The speed of recognizing facial expressions of emotion is influenced by a range of factors including other concurrently present facial attributes, like a person's sex. Typically, when participants categorize happy and angry expressions on male and female faces, they are faster to categorize happy than angry expressions displayed by females, but not displayed by males. Using the same emotional faces across tasks, we demonstrate that this influence of sex cues on emotion categorization is dependent on the other faces recently encountered in an experiment. Altering the salience of gender by presenting male and female faces in separate emotion categorization tasks rather than together in a single task changed the influence of sex cues on emotion categorization, whereas changing the evaluative dimension by presenting happy and angry expressions in separate tasks alongside neutral faces rather than together within 1 task did not. These results suggest that the way facial attributes influence emotion categorization depends on the situation in which the faces are encountered and specifically on what information is made salient within or across tasks by other recently encountered faces.
Keyword Response Latency Advantage
Happy Face Advantage
Social Categorization
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID DP110100460
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 12 Nov 2017, 05:48:41 EST