Implementing two nurse practitioner models of service at an Australian male prison: a quality assurance study

Wong, Ides, Wright, Eryn, Santomauro, Damian, How, Raquel, Leary, Christopher and Harris, Meredith (2017) Implementing two nurse practitioner models of service at an Australian male prison: a quality assurance study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27 1-2: e287-e300. doi:10.1111/jocn.13935

Author Wong, Ides
Wright, Eryn
Santomauro, Damian
How, Raquel
Leary, Christopher
Harris, Meredith
Title Implementing two nurse practitioner models of service at an Australian male prison: a quality assurance study
Journal name Journal of Clinical Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1365-2702
Publication date 2017-09-25
Year available 2018
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jocn.13935
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 27
Issue 1-2
Start page e287
End page e300
Total pages 14
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 2900 Nursing
Abstract To examine the quality and safety of nurse practitioner services of two newly implemented nurse practitioner models of care at a correctional facility.

Nurse practitioners could help to meet the physical and mental health needs of Australia's growing prison population; however, the nurse practitioner role has not previously been evaluated in this context.

A quality assurance study conducted in an Australian prison where a primary health nurse practitioner and a mental health nurse practitioner were incorporated into an existing primary healthcare service. The study was guided by Donabedian's structure, processes and outcomes framework.

Routinely collected information included surveys of staff attitudes to the implementation of the nurse practitioner models (n = 21 staff), consultation records describing clinical processes and time use (n = 289 consultations), and a patient satisfaction survey (n = 29 patients). Data were analysed descriptively and compared to external benchmarks where available.

Over the two-month period, the nurse practitioners provided 289 consultations to 208 prisoners. The presenting problems treated indicated that most referrals were appropriate. A significant proportion of consultations involved medication review and management. Both nurse practitioners spent more than half of their time on individual patient-related care. Overall, multidisciplinary team staff agreed that the nurse practitioner services were necessary, safe, met patient need and reduced treatment delays.

Findings suggest that the implementation of nurse practitioners into Australian correctional facilities is acceptable and feasible and has the potential to improve prisoners' access to health services. Structural factors (e.g., room availability and limited access to prisoners) may have reduced the efficiency of the nurse practitioners' clinical processes and service implementation.

Results suggest that nurse practitioner models can be successfully integrated into a prison setting and could provide a nursing career pathway.
Keyword Health services
Mental health
Nurse practitioner
Primary care
Quality assurance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Created: Fri, 03 Nov 2017, 11:15:41 EST