Liking for high fat foods in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Smith, Simon S., Waight, Catherine, Doyle, Geoffrey, Rossa, Kalina R. and Sullivan, Karen A. (2014) Liking for high fat foods in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea. Appetite, 78 185-192. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2014.03.019


Author Smith, Simon S.
Waight, Catherine
Doyle, Geoffrey
Rossa, Kalina R.
Sullivan, Karen A.
Title Liking for high fat foods in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea
Journal name Appetite   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1095-8304
0195-6663
Publication date 2014-07-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2014.03.019
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 78
Start page 185
End page 192
Total pages 8
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Abstract Excess weight and obesity are factors that are strongly associated with risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA). Weight loss has been associated with improvements in clinical indicators of OSA severity; however, patients’ beliefs about diet change have not been investigated. This study utilized a validated behaviour change model to estimate the relationship between food liking, food intake and indices of OSA severity. Two-hundred and six OSA patients recruited from a Sleep Disorders Clinic completed standardized questionnaires of: a) fat and fibre food intake, food liking, and food knowledge and; b) attitudes and intentions towards fat reduction. OSA severity and body mass index (BMI) were objectively measured using standard clinical guidelines. The relationship between liking for high fat food and OSA severity was tested with hierarchical regression. Gender and BMI explained a significant 20% of the variance in OSA severity, Fibre Liking accounted for an additional 6% (a negative relationship), and Fat Liking accounted for a further 3.6% of variance. Although the majority of individuals (47%) were currently “active” in reducing fat intake, overall the patients’ dietary beliefs and behaviours did not correspond. The independent relationship between OSA severity and liking for high fat foods (and disliking of high fibre foods) may be consistent with a two-way interaction between sleep disruption and food choice. Whilst the majority of OSA patients were intentionally active in changing to a healthy diet, further emphasis on improving healthy eating practices and beliefs in this population is necessary.
Keyword Food preference
Diet
Obesity
Weight loss
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea
Body mass index
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
 
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