Actigraphically measured sleep-wake behavior after mild traumatic brain injury: a case-control study

Allan, Alicia C., Edmed, Shannon L., Sullivan, Karen A., Karlsson, Lina J. E., Lange, Rael T. and Smith, Simon S. (2017) Actigraphically measured sleep-wake behavior after mild traumatic brain injury: a case-control study. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 32 2: E35-E45. doi:10.1097/HTR.0000000000000222

Author Allan, Alicia C.
Edmed, Shannon L.
Sullivan, Karen A.
Karlsson, Lina J. E.
Lange, Rael T.
Smith, Simon S.
Title Actigraphically measured sleep-wake behavior after mild traumatic brain injury: a case-control study
Journal name Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1550-509X
Publication date 2017-03-01
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000222
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 32
Issue 2
Start page E35
End page E45
Total pages 11
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Abstract Objective: To characterize and compare the sleep-wake behavior of individuals following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with that of noninjured healthy controls. Setting: Community. Participants: Fourteen participants with a recent mTBI (M-age = 28.07; SD = 10.45; n = 10 females) and 34 noninjured controls (M-age = 23.70; SD = 7.30; n = 31 females). Design: Cross-sectional. Main Measures: Battery of subjective sleep measures and 14 days of sleep-wake monitoring via actigraphy (objective measurement) and concurrent daily sleep diary. Results: Participants who had sustained an mTBI self-reported significantly higher sleep-related impairment, poorer nightly sleep quality, and more frequently met criteria for clinical insomnia, compared with controls (d = 0.76-1.11, large effects). The only significant between-group difference on objective sleep metrics occurred on sleep timing. On average, people with a recent history of mTBI fell asleep and woke approximately 1 hour earlier than did the controls (d = 0.62-0.92, medium to large effects). Conclusion: Participants with a history of mTBI had several subjective sleep complaints but relatively few objective sleep changes with the exception of earlier sleep timing. Future research is needed to understand the clinical significance of these findings and how these symptoms can be alleviated. Interventions addressing subjective sleep complaints (eg, cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia) should be tested in this population.
Keyword Actigraphy
Mild traumatic brain injury
Postconcussion syndrome
Sleep disturbance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
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School of Psychology Publications
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