Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium

Weynberg, Karen D., Neave, Matthew, Clode, Peta L., Voolstra, Christian R., Brownlee, Christopher, Laffy, Patrick, Webster, Nicole S., Levin, Rachel A., Wood-Charlson, Elisha M. and van Oppen, Madeleine J. H. (2017) Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium. Coral Reefs, 36 3: 773-784. doi:10.1007/s00338-017-1568-7


Author Weynberg, Karen D.
Neave, Matthew
Clode, Peta L.
Voolstra, Christian R.
Brownlee, Christopher
Laffy, Patrick
Webster, Nicole S.
Levin, Rachel A.
Wood-Charlson, Elisha M.
van Oppen, Madeleine J. H.
Title Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium
Formatted title
Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium
Journal name Coral Reefs   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0722-4028
1432-0975
Publication date 2017-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00338-017-1568-7
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 36
Issue 3
Start page 773
End page 784
Total pages 12
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Subject 1104 Aquatic Science
Abstract Reef corals are under threat from bleaching and disease outbreaks that target both the host animal and the algal symbionts within the coral holobiont. A viral origin for coral bleaching has been hypothesized, but direct evidence has remained elusive. Using a multifaceted approach incorporating flow cytometry, transmission electron microscopy, DNA and RNA virome sequencing, we show that type C1 Symbiodinium cultures host a nucleocytoplasmic large double-stranded DNA virus (NCLDV) related to Phycodnaviridae and Mimiviridae, a novel filamentous virus of unknown phylogenetic affiliation, and a single-stranded RNA virus related to retroviruses. We discuss implications of these findings for laboratory-based experiments using Symbiodinium cultures.
Keyword Coral bleaching
Dinoflagellate cultures
Scleractinia
Symbiodinium
Symbiosis
Viruses
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID FS110200034
FT100100088
FT120100480
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 
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Created: Thu, 14 Sep 2017, 16:32:26 EST by Karen Weynberg on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)