Shifting the physical inactivity curve worldwide by closing the gender gap

Mielke, Gregore I., da Silva, Inacio Crochemore M., Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L. and Brown, Wendy J. (2017) Shifting the physical inactivity curve worldwide by closing the gender gap. Sports Medicine, 48 2: 1-9. doi:10.1007/s40279-017-0754-7

Author Mielke, Gregore I.
da Silva, Inacio Crochemore M.
Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L.
Brown, Wendy J.
Title Shifting the physical inactivity curve worldwide by closing the gender gap
Journal name Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0112-1642
Publication date 2017-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s40279-017-0754-7
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 48
Issue 2
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Place of publication Auckland, New Zealand
Publisher Adis International
Language eng
Subject 2732 Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
3612 Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
Abstract Purpose: The aims of this study were to (i) examine gender differences in physical inactivity in countries with different levels of Human Development Index (HDI); and (ii) assess whether small changes in the prevalence of inactivity in women could achieve the World Health Organization’s (WHO) global inactivity target. Methods: Data on inactivity were extracted for 142 countries for the year 2010 from the WHO Data Repository. Data for HDI were obtained for the year 2010 from the United Nations Development Program. Absolute and relative gender differences were calculated for countries according to four HDI categories. The potential effects of increasing women’s activity levels on achievement of the WHO physical inactivity target were computed. Results: Overall inactivity prevalence was higher in women (27%) than in men (20%). Women were more inactive than men in all except eight countries. Absolute gender differences [median 7.5% (range −10.1 to 33.2)] did not vary by HDI category, but there was a small negative correlation between relative gender difference in inactivity and HDI (rho −0.19; p = 0.02), which was mostly influenced by three outlier countries with low HDI. A decrease in inactivity levels of 4.8% points among women across the world would achieve the WHO target of reducing global levels of inactivity by 10%. Conclusion: Gender differences in the prevalence of physical inactivity were highly variable, both within and across categories of HDI. Interventions which result in small changes in inactivity prevalence in women would achieve the 2025 WHO global target for inactivity, without any change to the prevalence in men.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Fri, 08 Sep 2017, 09:33:34 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)