Control of buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua de Meijere) on dairy and beef cattle using traps

Sutherst, R. W. and Tozer, R. S. (1995) Control of buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua de Meijere) on dairy and beef cattle using traps. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 46 2: 269-284. doi:10.1071/AR9950269

Author Sutherst, R. W.
Tozer, R. S.
Title Control of buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua de Meijere) on dairy and beef cattle using traps
Journal name Australian Journal of Agricultural Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-9409
Publication date 1995-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/AR9950269
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 46
Issue 2
Start page 269
End page 284
Total pages 16
Language eng
Subject 1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Abstract The design and testing of traps are described for control of the buffalo fly Haematobia irritans exigua on dairy and beef cattle in Australia. The initial design, for use on milking cows, consisted of a translucent, plastic-covered tunnel, with compartments separated by plastic partitions and doorways with black shade-cloth curtains. The curtains brushed flies off the cattle as they passed through the tunnel. The flies were attracted to the light and ascended the walls to be confined in the dome-shaped roof. The traps removed 80% of the flies each time the cattle passed through them. During farm trials in 1990-91, fly numbers (8) on milking cows were reduced by 85% compared with those (94) on other cattle on the same farm, and by 65% compared with neighbouring milking cows (30), which received an average of three pesticide treatments. Breeding of buffalo fly was reduced by 81% on the pastures grazed by milking cattle using the traps. In 1992 and 1993, a smaller portable trap was developed for use by all types of cattle. Replacement of the shade-cloth curtains with brushes and addition of a translucent false ceiling increased the efficiency of the trap from 80 to 90%. The traps achieved 90% control on five dairy and two beef properties compared with cattle given traditional pesticide treatments. The results demonstrate the feasibility of controlling Haematobia without insecticides, by using a simple, sustainable and environmentally friendly trap, provided that cattle use the traps regularly.
Keyword Buffalo fly
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 22 Aug 2017, 00:13:21 EST by System User