Physical activity and sedentary behavior subsequent to serious orthopedic injury: a systematic review

Ekegren, Christina L., Beck, Ben, Climie, Rachel E., Owen, Neville, Dunstan, David W. and Gabbe, Belinda J. (2017) Physical activity and sedentary behavior subsequent to serious orthopedic injury: a systematic review. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 99 1: 164-177.e6. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2017.05.014

Author Ekegren, Christina L.
Beck, Ben
Climie, Rachel E.
Owen, Neville
Dunstan, David W.
Gabbe, Belinda J.
Title Physical activity and sedentary behavior subsequent to serious orthopedic injury: a systematic review
Journal name Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1532-821X
Publication date 2017-06-16
Year available 2018
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.apmr.2017.05.014
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 99
Issue 1
Start page 164
End page 177.e6
Total pages 20
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher W. B. Saunders
Language eng
Subject 3612 Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
2742 Rehabilitation
Abstract To systematically review and synthesize the evidence on physical activity and sedentary behavior after serious orthopedic injury.

Eight electronic databases and reference lists of relevant articles were searched from inception to March 2016.

Studies on physical activity and sedentary behavior measured objectively or via self-report among patients with a serious orthopedic injury (acute bone or soft tissue injury requiring emergency hospital admission and/or nonelective surgery) were included.

Data extraction and methodological quality assessment were independently performed by 2 reviewers using standardized checklists.

Twelve of 2572 studies were included: 8 were on hip fractures and 4 on other orthopedic injuries. Follow-up ranged from 4 days to 2 years postinjury. When measured objectively, physical activity levels were low at all time points postinjury, with individuals with hip fracture achieving only 1% of recommended physical activity levels 7 months postinjury. Studies using objective measures also showed patients to be highly sedentary throughout all stages of recovery, spending 76% to 99% of the day sitting or reclining. For studies using self-report measures, no consistent trends were observed in postinjury physical activity or sedentary behavior.

For studies using objective measures, low physical activity levels and high levels of sedentary behaviors were found consistently after injury. More research is needed not only on the impact of immobility on long-term orthopedic injury outcomes and the risk of chronic disease, but also the potential for increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behavior in this population.
Keyword Exercise
Sedentary lifestyle
Wounds and injuries
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID 1106633
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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