Utilization of ileal digestible amino acids by pigs: Lysine

Elliott R., Andersen L.M., Baigent D.R. and Beech S.A. (1990) Utilization of ileal digestible amino acids by pigs: Lysine. British Journal of Nutrition, 64 3: 679-690. doi:10.1079/BJN19900070

Author Elliott R.
Andersen L.M.
Baigent D.R.
Beech S.A.
Title Utilization of ileal digestible amino acids by pigs: Lysine
Journal name British Journal of Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1475-2662
Publication date 1990-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1079/BJN19900070
Volume 64
Issue 3
Start page 679
End page 690
Total pages 12
Language eng
Subject 2701 Medicine (miscellaneous)
2916 Nutrition and Dietetics
Abstract Two experiments were conducted to determine the utilization of ileal digestible lysine by pigs. In the first, the apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids in cottonseed meal, meat-and-bone meal and soya-bean meal was determined in pigs fitted with ‘T’-shaped cannulas. In the second experiment, three lysine-deficient diets were formulated to 0.36 g ileal digestible lysine/MJ digestible energy (DE), with lysine contributed from the three protein concentrates as the only source of lysine in sugar-based diets. An additional three diets were formulated with supplements of lysine to verify that lysine was limiting in the first three diets. The growth performance and retention of lysine by pigs given the six diets over the 20–45 kg growth phase were then determined. The apparent ileal digestibility of lysine in the three protein concentrates (proportion of total) was: cottonseed meal 0.74, meat-and-bone meal 0.78, soyabean meal 0•89. Growth rates (g/d) of the pigs given the three diets formulated to 0.36 g ileal digestible lysine/MJ DE were significantly different (P < 0001): cottonseed meal 377, meat-and-bone meal 492, soya-bean meal 541. The response of pigs to the addition of lysine confirmed that lysine was limiting in these diets. Crude protein (nitrogen x 6.25) deposited by the pigs was significantly higher (P < 0.001) for those given soya-bean meal (77 g/d), relative to meat-and-bone meal (66 g/d) and cottonseed meal (38 g/d). The proportion of ileal digestible lysine retained by pigs given the three protein concentrates was: cottonseed meal 0–36, meat-and-bone meal 0.60, soya-bean meal 0-75. The results indicate that values for the ileal digestibility of lysine in protein concentrates are unsuitable in dietary formulations as the assay does not reflect the proportion of lysine that can be utilized by the pig. It appears that, with heat-processed meals, a considerable proportion of the lysine is absorbed in a form(s) that is (are) inefficiently utilized.
Keyword Ileal digestibility
Lysine utilization
Protein concentrates
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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