Defending the scientific integrity of conservation-policy processes

Carroll, Carlos, Hartl, Brett, Goldman, Gretchen T., Rohlf, Daniel J., Treves, Adrian, Kerr, Jeremy T., Ritchie, Euan G., Kingsford, Richard T., Gibbs, Katherine E., Maron, Martine and Watson, James E. M. (2017) Defending the scientific integrity of conservation-policy processes. Conservation Biology, 31 5: 967-975. doi:10.1111/cobi.12958

Author Carroll, Carlos
Hartl, Brett
Goldman, Gretchen T.
Rohlf, Daniel J.
Treves, Adrian
Kerr, Jeremy T.
Ritchie, Euan G.
Kingsford, Richard T.
Gibbs, Katherine E.
Maron, Martine
Watson, James E. M.
Title Defending the scientific integrity of conservation-policy processes
Journal name Conservation Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1523-1739
Publication date 2017-07-25
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/cobi.12958
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 31
Issue 5
Start page 967
End page 975
Total pages 9
Place of publication Malden, MA United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Government agencies faced with politically controversial decisions often discount or ignore scientific information, whether from agency staff or nongovernmental scientists. Recent developments in scientific integrity (the ability to perform, use, communicate, and publish science free from censorship or political interference) in Canada, Australia, and the United States demonstrate a similar trajectory. A perceived increase in scientific-integrity abuses provokes concerted pressure by the scientific community, leading to efforts to improve scientific-integrity protections under a new administration. However, protections are often inconsistently applied and are at risk of reversal under administrations publicly hostile to evidence-based policy. We compared recent challenges to scientific integrity to determine what aspects of scientific input into conservation policy are most at risk of political distortion and what can be done to strengthen safeguards against such abuses. To ensure the integrity of outbound communications from government scientists to the public, we suggest governments strengthen scientific integrity policies, include scientists’ right to speak freely in collective-bargaining agreements, guarantee public access to scientific information, and strengthen agency culture supporting scientific integrity. To ensure the transparency and integrity with which information from nongovernmental scientists (e.g., submitted comments or formal policy reviews) informs the policy process, we suggest governments broaden the scope of independent reviews, ensure greater diversity of expert input and transparency regarding conflicts of interest, require a substantive response to input from agencies, and engage proactively with scientific societies. For their part, scientists and scientific societies have a responsibility to engage with the public to affirm that science is a crucial resource for developing evidence-based policy and regulations in the public interest.
Keyword Endangered species act
External peer review
Science communication
Scientific advocacy
Defensa científica
Ley de especies en peligro
Revisión de colegas externos
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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