Microbes and the next nitrogen revolution

Pikaar, Ilje, Matassa, Silvio, Rabaey, Korneel, Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, Popp, Alexander, Herrero, Mario and Verstraete, Willy (2017) Microbes and the next nitrogen revolution. Environmental Science and Technology, 51 13: 7297-7303. doi:10.1021/acs.est.7600916


Author Pikaar, Ilje
Matassa, Silvio
Rabaey, Korneel
Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon
Popp, Alexander
Herrero, Mario
Verstraete, Willy
Title Microbes and the next nitrogen revolution
Journal name Environmental Science and Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0013-936X
1520-5851
Publication date 2017-07-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1021/acs.est.7600916
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 51
Issue 13
Start page 7297
End page 7303
Total pages 7
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher American Chemical Society
Language eng
Abstract The Haber Bosch process is among the greatest inventions of the 20th century. It provided agriculture with reactive nitrogen and ultimately mankind with nourishment for a population of 7 billion people. However, the present agricultural practice of growing crops for animal production and human food constitutes a major threat to the sustainability of the planet in terms of reactive nitrogen pollution. In view of the shortage of directly feasible and cost-effective measures to avoid these planetary nitrogen burdens and the necessity to remediate this problem, we foresee the absolute need for and expect a revolution in the use of microbes as a source of protein. Bypassing land-based agriculture through direct use of Haber Bosch produced nitrogen for reactor-based production of microbial protein can be an inspiring concept for the production of high quality animal feed and even straightforward supply of proteinaceous products for human food, without significant nitrogen losses to the environment and without the need for genetic engineering to safeguard feed and food supply for the generations to come.
Keyword Hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria
Reactive nitrogen
Food security
Recent trends
Global scale
Cycle
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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