Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago

Clarkson, Chris, Jacobs, Zenobia, Marwick, Ben, Fullagar, Richard, Wallis, Lynley, Smith, Mike, Roberts, Richard G., Hayes, Elspeth, Lowe, Kelsey, Carah, Xavier, Florin, S. Anna, McNeil, Jessica, Cox, Delyth, Arnold, Lee J., Hua, Quan, Huntley, Jillian, Brand, Helen E. A., Manne, Tiina, Fairbairn, Andrew, Shulmeister, James, Lyle, Lindsey, Salinas, Makiah, Page, Mara, Connell, Kate, Park, Gayoung, Norman, Kasih, Murphy, Tessa and Pardoe, Colin (2017) Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago. Nature, 547 7663: 306-310. doi:10.1038/nature22968

Author Clarkson, Chris
Jacobs, Zenobia
Marwick, Ben
Fullagar, Richard
Wallis, Lynley
Smith, Mike
Roberts, Richard G.
Hayes, Elspeth
Lowe, Kelsey
Carah, Xavier
Florin, S. Anna
McNeil, Jessica
Cox, Delyth
Arnold, Lee J.
Hua, Quan
Huntley, Jillian
Brand, Helen E. A.
Manne, Tiina
Fairbairn, Andrew
Shulmeister, James
Lyle, Lindsey
Salinas, Makiah
Page, Mara
Connell, Kate
Park, Gayoung
Norman, Kasih
Murphy, Tessa
Pardoe, Colin
Title Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago
Journal name Nature   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1476-4687
Publication date 2017-07-19
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/nature22968
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 547
Issue 7663
Start page 306
End page 310
Total pages 5
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Language eng
Subject 1000 General
Abstract The time of arrival of people in Australia is an unresolved question. It is relevant to debates about when modern humans first dispersed out of Africa and when their descendants incorporated genetic material from Neanderthals, Denisovans and possibly other hominins. Humans have also been implicated in the extinction of Australia's megafauna. Here we report the results of new excavations conducted at Madjedbebe, a rock shelter in northern Australia. Artefacts in primary depositional context are concentrated in three dense bands, with the stratigraphic integrity of the deposit demonstrated by artefact refits and by optical dating and other analyses of the sediments. Human occupation began around 65,000 years ago, with a distinctive stone tool assemblage including grinding stones, ground ochres, reflective additives and ground-edge hatchet heads. This evidence sets a new minimum age for the arrival of humans in Australia, the dispersal of modern humans out of Africa, and the subsequent interactions of modern humans with Neanderthals and Denisovans.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID 13/003
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Social Science Publications
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 19 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 22 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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