Mechanistic insight from calorimetric measurements of the assembly of the binuclear metal active site of glycerophosphodiesterase (GpdQ) from Enterobacter aerogenes

Pedroso, Marcelo M., Ely, Fernanda, Carpenter, Margaret C., Mitic, Natasa, Gahan, Lawrence R., Ollis, David L., Wilcox, Dean E. and Schenk, Gerhard (2017) Mechanistic insight from calorimetric measurements of the assembly of the binuclear metal active site of glycerophosphodiesterase (GpdQ) from Enterobacter aerogenes. Biochemistry, 56 26: 3328-3336. doi:10.1021/acs.biochem.6b01200


Author Pedroso, Marcelo M.
Ely, Fernanda
Carpenter, Margaret C.
Mitic, Natasa
Gahan, Lawrence R.
Ollis, David L.
Wilcox, Dean E.
Schenk, Gerhard
Title Mechanistic insight from calorimetric measurements of the assembly of the binuclear metal active site of glycerophosphodiesterase (GpdQ) from Enterobacter aerogenes
Formatted title
Mechanistic insight from calorimetric measurements of the assembly of the binuclear metal active site of glycerophosphodiesterase (GpdQ) from Enterobacter aerogenes
Journal name Biochemistry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1520-4995
0006-2960
Publication date 2017-07-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1021/acs.biochem.6b01200
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 56
Issue 26
Start page 3328
End page 3336
Total pages 9
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher American Chemical Society
Language eng
Abstract Glycerophosphodiesterase (GpdQ) from Enterobacter aerogenes is a binuclear metallohydrolase with a high affinity for metal ions at its α site but a lower affinity at its β site in the absence of a substrate. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) has been used to quantify the Co(II) and Mn(II) binding affinities and thermodynamics of the two sites in wild-type GpdQ and two mutants, both in the absence and in the presence of phosphate. Metal ions bind to the six-coordinate α site in an entropically driven process with loss of a proton, while binding at the β site is not detected by ITC. Phosphate enhances the metal affinity of the α site by increasing the binding entropy and the metal affinity of the β site by enthalpic (Co) or entropic (Mn) contributions, but no additional loss of protons. Mutations of first- and second-coordination sphere residues at the β site increase the metal affinity of both sites by enhancing the binding enthalpy. In particular, loss of the hydrogen bond from second-sphere Ser127 to the metal-coordinating Asn80 has a significant effect on the metal binding thermodynamics that result in a resting binuclear active site with high catalytic activity. While structural and spectroscopic data with excess metal ions have indicated a bridging hydroxide in the binuclear GpdQ site, analysis of ITC data here reveals the loss of a single proton in the assembly of this site, indicating that the metal-bound hydroxide nucleophile is formed in the resting inactive mononuclear form, which becomes catalytically competent upon binding the second metal ion.
Formatted abstract
Glycerophosphodiesterase (GpdQ) from Enterobacter aerogenes is a binuclear metallohydrolase with a high affinity for metal ions at its α site but a lower affinity at its β site in the absence of a substrate. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) has been used to quantify the Co(II) and Mn(II) binding affinities and thermodynamics of the two sites in wild-type GpdQ and two mutants, both in the absence and in the presence of phosphate. Metal ions bind to the six-coordinate α site in an entropically driven process with loss of a proton, while binding at the β site is not detected by ITC. Phosphate enhances the metal affinity of the α site by increasing the binding entropy and the metal affinity of the β site by enthalpic (Co) or entropic (Mn) contributions, but no additional loss of protons. Mutations of first- and second-coordination sphere residues at the β site increase the metal affinity of both sites by enhancing the binding enthalpy. In particular, loss of the hydrogen bond from second-sphere Ser127 to the metal-coordinating Asn80 has a significant effect on the metal binding thermodynamics that result in a resting binuclear active site with high catalytic activity. While structural and spectroscopic data with excess metal ions have indicated a bridging hydroxide in the binuclear GpdQ site, analysis of ITC data here reveals the loss of a single proton in the assembly of this site, indicating that the metal-bound hydroxide nucleophile is formed in the resting inactive mononuclear form, which becomes catalytically competent upon binding the second metal ion.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 
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