The effects of Produced Formation Water (PFW) on coral and isolated symbiotic dinoflagellates of coral

Jones, Ross J. and Heyward, Andrew J. (2003) The effects of Produced Formation Water (PFW) on coral and isolated symbiotic dinoflagellates of coral. Marine and Freshwater Research, 54 2: 153-162. doi:10.1071/MF02108

Author Jones, Ross J.
Heyward, Andrew J.
Title The effects of Produced Formation Water (PFW) on coral and isolated symbiotic dinoflagellates of coral
Journal name Marine and Freshwater Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1323-1650
Publication date 2003-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/MF02108
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 54
Issue 2
Start page 153
End page 162
Total pages 10
Editor D. Mc Glashan
Place of publication Collingwood, Vic., Australia
Publisher CSIRO
Language eng
Subject C1
270603 Animal Physiology - Systems
770405 Physical and chemical conditions
0405 Oceanography
0602 Ecology
0704 Fisheries Sciences
Abstract There is concern of the effects of Produced Formation Water (PFW, an effluent of the offshore oil and gas industry) on temperate/tropical marine organisms of the North West Shelf (NWS) of Australia. Little is known of the effects of PFW on tropical marine organisms, especially keystone species. Exposing the coral Plesiastrea versipora to a range (3-50% v/v) of PFW from Harriet A oil platform resulted in a reduction in photochemical efficiency of the symbiotic dinoflagellate algae in hospite ( in the coral tissues), assessed as a decrease in the ratio of variable fluorescence (F-v) to maximal fluorescence (F-m) measured using chlorophyll fluorescence techniques. Significant differences were noted at PFW concentrations >12.5% ( v/v). In corals where F-v/F-m was significantly lowered by PFW exposure, significant discolouration of the tissues occurred in a subsequent 4-day observation period. The discolouration ( coral bleaching) was caused by a loss of the symbiotic dinoflagellates from the tissues, a known sublethal stress response of corals. PFW caused a significant decrease in F-v/F-m in symbiotic dinoflagellates freshly isolated from the coral Heliofungia actiniformis at 6.25% PFW, slightly lower than the studies in hospite. Corals exposed to lower PFW concentrations (range 0.1%-10% PFW v/v) for longer periods (8 days) showed no decrease in F-v/F-m, discolouration, loss of symbiotic dinoflagellates or changes in gross photosynthesis or respiration ( measured using O-2 exchange techniques). The study demonstrates minor toxicity of PFW from Harriet A oil platform to corals and their symbiotic algae.
Keyword Fisheries
Marine & Freshwater Biology
Chemical Pollution
Coral Bleaching
Pollution Monitoring
Australia Northwest Shelf
Chlorophyll Fluorescence
Photochemical Efficiency
Scleractinian Coral
Quantum Efficiency
Diurnal Changes
Reef Corals
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2004 Higher Education Research Data Collection
Centre for Marine Studies Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 7 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 11 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 12:44:09 EST