Phosphorylation of XIAP by CDK1-cyclin-B1 controls mitotic cell death

(2017) Phosphorylation of XIAP by CDK1-cyclin-B1 controls mitotic cell death. , .

Title Phosphorylation of XIAP by CDK1-cyclin-B1 controls mitotic cell death
Publication date 2017-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Abstract Regulation of cell death is crucial for the response of cancer cells to drug treatments that cause arrest in mitosis, and is likely to be important for protection against chromosome instability in normal cells. Prolonged mitotic arrest can result in cell death by activation of caspases and the induction of apoptosis. Here, we show that Xlinked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) plays a key role in the control of mitotic cell death. Ablation of XIAP expression sensitises cells to prolonged mitotic arrest caused by a microtubule poison. XIAP is stable during mitotic arrest, but its function is controlled through phosphorylation by the mitotic kinase CDK1-cyclin-B1 at S40. Mutation of S40 to a phosphomimetic residue (S40D) inhibits binding to activated effector caspases and abolishes the anti-apoptotic function of XIAP, whereas a non-phosphorylatable mutant (S40A) blocks apoptosis. By performing live-cell imaging, we show that phosphorylation of XIAP reduces the threshold for the onset of cell death in mitosis. This work illustrates that mitotic cell death is a form of apoptosis linked to the progression of mitosis through control by CDK1-cyclin-B1.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
 
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Created: Sat, 15 Jul 2017, 01:01:07 EST by Web Cron on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)