User characteristics and effect profile of Butane Hash Oil: an extremely high-potency cannabis concentrate

Chan, Gary, Hall, Wayne, Freeman, Tom, Ferris, Jason, Kelly, Adrian and Winstock, Adam R. (2017) User characteristics and effect profile of Butane Hash Oil: an extremely high-potency cannabis concentrate. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 178 32-38. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.04.014


Author Chan, Gary
Hall, Wayne
Freeman, Tom
Ferris, Jason
Kelly, Adrian
Winstock, Adam R.
Title User characteristics and effect profile of Butane Hash Oil: an extremely high-potency cannabis concentrate
Journal name Drug and Alcohol Dependence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0376-8716
1879-0046
Publication date 2017-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.04.014
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 178
Start page 32
End page 38
Total pages 7
Place of publication E Park, Shannon, Clare Ireland
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Recent reports suggest an increase in use of extremely potent cannabis concentrates such as Butane Hash Oil (BHO) in some developed countries. The aims of this study were to examine the characteristics of BHO users and the effect profiles of BHO.

Design: Anonymous online survey in over 20 countries in 2014 and 2015. Participants aged 18 years or older were recruited through onward promotion and online social networks. The overall sample size was 181,870. In this sample, 46% (N = 83,867) reported using some form of cannabis in the past year, and 3% reported BHO use (n = 5922).

Measurements: Participants reported their use of 7 types of cannabis in the past 12 months, the source of their cannabis, reasons for use, use of other illegal substances, and lifetime diagnosis for depression, anxiety and psychosis. Participants were asked to rate subjective effects of BHO and high potency herbal cannabis.

Findings: Participants who reported a lifetime diagnosis of depression (OR = 1.15, p = 0.003), anxiety (OR = 1.72, p < 0.001), and a larger number of substance use (OR = 1.29, p < 0.001) were more likely to use BHO than only using high potency herbal cannabis. BHO users also reported stronger negative effects and less positive effects when using BHO than high potency herbal cannabis (p < 0.001)

Conclusion: Mental health problems and other illicit drug use were associated with use of BHO. BHO was reported to have stronger negative and weaker positive effects than high potency herbal cannabis.
Keyword Butane Hash Oil
Cannabis concentrate
Potency Profile
Thc User characteristics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
HERDC Pre-Audit
Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 13 Jul 2017, 16:18:37 EST by Jason Ferris on behalf of School of Social Science