The effect of changes of assimilate supply around flowering on grain sink size and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars of tropical and temperate adaptation

G.K.Aluko G.K.AlukoG.K.Aluko G.AlukoG. K.https://api.elsevier.com/content/author/author_id/57189448373 (1988) The effect of changes of assimilate supply around flowering on grain sink size and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars of tropical and temperate adaptation. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 39 2: 153-161. doi:10.1071/AR9880153


Author G.K.Aluko G.K.AlukoG.K.Aluko G.AlukoG. K.https://api.elsevier.com/content/author/author_id/57189448373
Title The effect of changes of assimilate supply around flowering on grain sink size and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars of tropical and temperate adaptation
Journal name Australian Journal of Agricultural Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-9409
Publication date 1988-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/AR9880153
Volume 39
Issue 2
Start page 153
End page 161
Total pages 9
Language eng
Subject 1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Abstract Two maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars of temperate and one of tropical adaptation were grown in a subtropical (27°S.) environment under favourable conditions of plant population density, water and nutrient supply. The radiation incident to the plant during the period from flag leaf to 10 days after flowering was varied from the control by either shading or temporarily restraining leaves of neighbouring plants. The effects of these changes in assimilate supply, and of the presence of the male inflorescence, on the immediate dry weight of various plant parts and grain sink size, and consequential on dry matter production and grain yield was investigated. The radiation treatments effected small but significant changes in crop growth rate. Shading reduced the dry weight of the ear, and husk of the female inflorescence and male inflorescence (tassel). There were increases due to enhanced radiation. While removal of tassels also enhanced the dry weight of the female inflorescence, there was no evidence that the male inflorescence was a preferred sink for assimilates during this stage of growth. In the temperate cultivars, grain number m was associated with ear dry weight at 10 days after anthesis (r = 0.95**). However, only in the tropical cultivar did the larger grain sink result in an increase in grain yield. Shading reduced grain yield in all cultivars probably because of a reduction in the supply of labile assimilates for grain filling.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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