Spatial and temporal dynamics and value of nature-based recreation, estimated via social media

Sonter, Laura J., Watson, Keri B., Wood, Spencer A. and Ricketts, Taylor H. (2016) Spatial and temporal dynamics and value of nature-based recreation, estimated via social media. PLoS One, 11 9: e0162372. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0162372

Author Sonter, Laura J.
Watson, Keri B.
Wood, Spencer A.
Ricketts, Taylor H.
Title Spatial and temporal dynamics and value of nature-based recreation, estimated via social media
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2016-09-09
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0162372
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 9
Start page e0162372
Total pages 16
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Abstract Conserved lands provide multiple ecosystem services, including opportunities for nature-based recreation. Managing this service requires understanding the landscape attributes underpinning its provision, and how changes in land management affect its contribution to human wellbeing over time. However, evidence from both spatially explicit and temporally dynamic analyses is scarce, often due to data limitations. In this study, we investigated nature-based recreation within conserved lands in Vermont, USA. We used geotagged photographs uploaded to the photo-sharing website Flickr to quantify visits by in-state and out-of-state visitors, and we multiplied visits by mean trip expenditures to show that conserved lands contributed US $1.8 billion (US $0.18–20.2 at 95% confidence) to Vermont’s tourism industry between 2007 and 2014. We found eight landscape attributes explained the pattern of visits to conserved lands; visits were higher in larger conserved lands, with less forest cover, greater trail density and more opportunities for snow sports. Some of these attributes differed from those found in other locations, but all aligned with our understanding of recreation in Vermont. We also found that using temporally static models to inform conservation decisions may have perverse outcomes for nature-based recreation. For example, static models suggest conserved land with less forest cover receive more visits, but temporally dynamic models suggest clearing forests decreases, rather than increases, visits to these sites. Our results illustrate the importance of understanding both the spatial and temporal dynamics of ecosystem services for conservation decision-making.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 10 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 04 Jul 2017, 10:06:48 EST by Ms Laura Sonter on behalf of School of Earth and Environmental Sciences