Evaluating a model of parental influence on youth physical activity

Trost, SG, Sallis, JF, Pate, RR, Freedson, PS, Taylor, WC and Dowda, M (2003) Evaluating a model of parental influence on youth physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 25 4: 277-282. doi:10.1016/S0749-3797(03)00217-4

Author Trost, SG
Sallis, JF
Pate, RR
Freedson, PS
Taylor, WC
Dowda, M
Title Evaluating a model of parental influence on youth physical activity
Journal name American Journal of Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0749-3797
Publication date 2003-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0749-3797(03)00217-4
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 25
Issue 4
Start page 277
End page 282
Total pages 6
Editor F. D. Scutchfield
K. Patrick
C. S. Seidman
Place of publication New York
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject C1
321499 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
730204 Child health
Abstract Objective: To test a conceptual model linking parental physical activity orientations, parental support for physical activity, and children's self-efficacy perceptions with physical activity participation. Participants and Setting: The sample consisted of 380 students in grades 7 through 12 (mean age, 14.0 +/- 1.6 years) and their parents. Data collection took place during the fall of 1996. Main Outcome Measures: Parents completed a questionnaire assessing their physical activity habits, enjoyment of physical activity, beliefs regarding the importance of physical activity, and supportive behaviors for their child's physical activity. Students completed a 46-item inventory assessing physical activity during the previous 7 days and a 5-item physical activity self-efficacy scale. The model was tested via observed variable path analysis using structural equation modeling techniques (AMOS 4.0). Results: An initial model, in which parent physical activity orientations predicted child physical activity via parental support and child self-efficacy, did not provide an acceptable fit to the data. Inclusion of a direct path from parental support to child physical activity and deletion of a nonsignificant path from parental physical activity to child physical activity significantly improved model fit. Standardized path coefficients for the revised model ranged from 0.17 to 0.24, and all were significant at the p < 0.0001 level. Conclusions: Parental support was an important correlate of youth physical activity, acting directly or indirectly through its influence on self-efficacy. Physical activity interventions targeted at youth should include and evaluate the efficacy of individual-level and community-level strategies to increase parents' capacity to provide instrumental and motivational support for their children's physical activity.
Keyword Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Medicine, General & Internal
Familial Aggregation
Q-Index Code C1

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 11:49:35 EST