Environmental conditions and variation in levels of sun exposure among children in child care

Stanton, W. R., Saleheen, H. N., O'Riordan, D. and Roy, C. R. (2003) Environmental conditions and variation in levels of sun exposure among children in child care. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 10 4: 285-298. doi:10.1207/S15327558IJBM1004_1

Author Stanton, W. R.
Saleheen, H. N.
O'Riordan, D.
Roy, C. R.
Title Environmental conditions and variation in levels of sun exposure among children in child care
Journal name International Journal of Behavioral Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1070-5503
Publication date 2003-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1207/S15327558IJBM1004_1
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 10
Issue 4
Start page 285
End page 298
Total pages 14
Editor Dr Stephen Barrett
Place of publication New Jersey, USA
Publisher Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc
Language eng
Subject C1
321216 Health Promotion
730301 Health education and promotion
Abstract Sun exposure in childhood is I of the risk factors for developing skin cancer, yet little is known about levels of exposure at this age. This is particularly important in countries with high levels of ultraviolet radiation. (UVR) such as Australia. Among 49 children 3 to 5 years of age attending child care centers, UVR exposure was studied under 4 conditions in a repeated measures design; sunny days, cloudy days, teacher's instruction to stay in the shade, and a health professionals instruction to apply sunscreen. Three different data collection methods were employed: (a) completion of questionnaire or diary by parents and researcher, (b) polysulphone dosimeter readings, and (c) observational audits (video recording). Results of this study indicated that more than half the children had been sunburnt (pink or red) and more than a third had experienced painful sunburn (sore or tender) in the last summer. Most wore short sleeve shirts, short skirts or shorts and cap, that do not provide optimal levels of skin protection. However, sunscreen was applied to all exposed parts before the children went out to the playground. Over the period of I hr (9-10 a.m.) the average amount of time children spent in full sun was 22 min. On sunny days there was more variation across children in the amount of sun exposure received. While the potential amount of UVR exposure for young children during the hour they were outside on a sunny day was 1.45 MED (Minimum Erythemal Dose), they received on average 0.35 MED, which is an insufficient amount to result in an erythemal response on fair skin even without the use of sunscreen.
Keyword Psychology, Clinical
Polysulphone Dosimeter
Child Care
Ultraviolet Radiation (uvr)
Ultraviolet-radiation Exposure
Different Outdoor Activities
Primary-school Children
Solar Uvr Exposures
Q-Index Code C1

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 11:43:50 EST