Capillary absorption in concrete and the Lucas–Washburn equation

Hanžič, Lucija, Kosec, Ladislav and Anžel, Ivan (2010) Capillary absorption in concrete and the Lucas–Washburn equation. Cement and Concrete Composites, 32 1: 84-91. doi:10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2009.10.005

Author Hanžič, Lucija
Kosec, Ladislav
Anžel, Ivan
Title Capillary absorption in concrete and the Lucas–Washburn equation
Formatted title
Capillary absorption in concrete and the Lucas–Washburn equation
Journal name Cement and Concrete Composites   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0958-9465
Publication date 2010-01-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2009.10.005
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 32
Issue 1
Start page 84
End page 91
Total pages 8
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Capillary absorption kinetics of concrete–ethylene glycol system was studied with respect to concrete matrix porosity and liquid viscosity. Porosity of specimens was altered by air-entraining agents and superplasticizers. Liquid which doesn’t react with cement gel was chosen for the experiment in order to study the reasons for deviation from Lucas–Washburn equation observed in concrete–water system. Viscosity of ethylene glycol changes from ∼23 to 2 mPa s in the temperature range from 20 to 100 °C. The values of the capillary coefficient were determined at 20, 60 and 100 °C using Neutron Radiography and were found to be in the range from ∼1.5 to 4.9 mm h−1/2. The results show that the Lucas–Washburn equation in concrete–ethylene glycol system is valid only for ∼25 h, which indicates that swelling and rehydration of cement gel are not the main reasons for deviation observed in concrete–water system.
Keyword Capillary absorption
Lucas–Washburn equation
Neutron Radiography
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 32 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 36 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 27 Jun 2017, 14:56:22 EST by Lucija Hanzic on behalf of School of Civil Engineering